When students go to college, they have to quickly learn how to write all sorts of academic papers. But understanding the complexities of different assignments can be hard. One of the most common types of papers you’ll encounter regardless of your major is analytical essays. Everyone has to write them at some point, whether you’re studying English or economics. This paper also has its peculiarities, and if you want to learn how to write it like a professional, then our article is for you. We’ll show you how to craft a perfect essay of the highest quality.
A few things you should know
Before you start writing your analytical paper, you need to understand what makes it special and different from a descriptive or argumentative essay. So let’s make it clear.
An analytical paper presents a profound analysis of a given topic.
It can be anything from a work of literature to socioeconomic problems. In this essay, the writer (usually an expert on the subject) explains and contextualizes information to the reader. In other words, your goal is to educate your audience and help them make better sense of a particular event, phenomenon, etc.
When you write a descriptive essay, you don’t need to have an argument. You simply give a comprehensive snapshot of the topic. Meanwhile, an analytical essay requires you to develop a point of view, support it with evidence, and provide a highly objective interpretation of the issue. It’s quite similar to an argumentative paper in that regard. It also has an argument, but its main goal is to persuade the reader that it’s correct, while an analytical essay needs to be as impartial as possible.
It’s important to understand the distinction in order to know what to do when you get the assignment for one of these papers. You don’t want to end up writing a descriptive essay instead of an analytical one and get a poor grade as a result, do you?
Now that you’ve figured out the purpose of an analytical paper, you can get down to writing it.
Step 1. Define your topic and your point of view. You’re free to choose anything as long as you can write a convincing and well-informed argument.
Step 2. Make sure you have enough evidence to support your perspective. If not, find some reputable sources on the topic and read up as much as you can. Make notes as you read.
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Let’s dive right into it
When you have enough materials for your essay, you can start writing.
Step 3. Form your thesis statement—a sentence that expresses the main idea of your paper and includes the supporting arguments, which you will further develop in the body paragraphs. It may contain two or even three sentences if your paper is long.
Step 4. Create an outline with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Write topic sentences for your body paragraphs, each delving into one specific idea mentioned in your thesis.
Note: You want your body paragraphs to have a hamburger structure: a topic sentence followed by an explanation, supporting evidence, and a conclusion that sums up the point and links it to the main topic of your paper.
Step 5. Write the first draft of your paper based on the outline. We recommend starting with the body paragraphs and finishing with the introduction and the conclusion. This way, you’ll make sure that they match.
Acknowledge contrasting opinions
As we’ve already mentioned, an analytical essay needs to be objective and impartial, which means that you should consider all aspects of the issue: positive, negative, and everything in between.
If you’re choosing to present information from a specific point of view, you need to acknowledge that opposing opinions exist. Moreover, you can use these outlooks to make your own argument stronger. Refute them with evidence and logical reasoning.
When you’re done writing your first draft, it may be tempting to submit it and go about your day. But any professional writer will tell you that a paper is never ready until you’ve carefully edited and proofread it. If you want to be at the top of your class, you need to put more effort into your work. So here’s what you should do.
Step 6. Edit your analytical essay. Review it and see if you can change the structure to improve the flow of your writing. Perhaps there are filler sentences that don’t add anything substantial to the subject? Get rid of them. The goal of editing is to make sure your ideas are presented very clearly and in a manner that’s easy to understand.
Step 7. Proofread your paper by reading very carefully in order to find errors, repeated words, and inconsistencies. Correcting them will help you make your essay look more polished and professional.
All done! Now, submit your paper
We hope this article has helped you learn how to write a perfect analytical essay. Follow these steps or ask online specialists to help you. Either way, now you know what to look for in an analysis paper, so you can submit a perfect final draft that meets your professor’s expectations.