Subject: Computer Science
Internet is a network of networks. Millions of computer all over the world are connected through the internet. Computer users on the internet can contact with one another anywhere in the world. If a computer is connected to the internet, one can connect to millions of computers. It is very much similar to the telephone connection where one can talk with any person anywhere in the world.
On the internet, a huge resource of information is accessible to people across the world. Information in every field starting from education, Science, Health, Medicine, History and Geography to business, news, etc. can be retrieved from the internet. One can also download programs and software packages from the internet.
Due to the tremendous information resources the internet can provide, it is now indispensable to every organization and personal activities.
The development of internet started when US Defense Department set up the ARPANET (Advanced Research Project Agency Network) to have a failure proof communication network for defense department of US.
This architecture was later adopted by an educational institute for an exchange of views among research scholars and then, it was thrown open to the public. Since 1994, the internet has grown by leaps and bounds driven by cheaper cost, easier to use and increase in information.
Computer users around the world use the E-mail services to communicate with each other extensively.
Commercial organizations are also using the internet to gather information about the satisfaction of existing products and market opportunities of new products. This is usually accomplished by putting up an interactive survey application by the organization on a WWW site on the Internet.
Several commercial organizations are effectively using the internet services for promoting their products by the use of different social networks.
Many organizations are also using the internet to provide timely customer support.
The Internet has also facilitated the introduction of a new market concept, which consists of virtual shops. These shops remain open 24 hrs all the year round and are accessible to make purchase all around the world.
There are many WWW sites on the internet, which consists of an electronic version of many journals and magazines.
It helps to provide news and other happenings that may be on-going in different parts of the word but with the use of the internet, we come to know about the real-time updates in every field be it in business, sports, finance, politics, entertainment and others very easily. Many time the decisions are taken on the real-time updates that are happening in the various parts of the world and for this, the internet is very essential and helpful.
In order to do research, we need to go through hundreds of books as well as the references and that was one of the most difficult jobs to do earlier. Since, the internet came into life, everything is available in just a click. The user just has to search for the concerned topic and will get hundreds of references that may be beneficial for the research and since, the internet is here to make research activity easy and hence, public user can take a large amount benefit from the research work that have been done.
Education is one of the best things that the internet can provide. There are a number of books, reference books, online help centers, expert`s views and other study oriented material on the internet that can make the learning process very easier as well as a fun to learn.
It is a term which is used when there is an exchange of money. With the use of internet in the financial transaction, the work has become a lot easier. Payments, Funds transfer, banking transactions can be done through on-line banking service.
The Internet is also used for entertainment. Such as chatting with friends, sharing videos, watching movies, listening music, live telecast of sports and other events, playing games, etc.
Using internet, searching job has become an easier task. There are an endless amount of websites on the internet that provided news about a vacancy in various post as required.
There are many people who are very much interested in writing blogs and for them the internet is the best place. They can not only write blogs as per their wish but can also publicize their work so that their work reaches to most of the people and they get appreciated.
The positive impacts of internet to the society, organization and individual are:
The negative impacts of internet to the society, organization and individual are:
(Shrestha, Manandhar and Roshan)
Shrestha, Prachandra Ram, et al. Computer Essentials. Kathmandu: Asmita's Publication, 2014.
Pudasaini, Dipak et.al., Computer Science Principles and Practices XI, Buddha Prakashan, Ktm
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