Subject: Business Studies
Coordination is essential in all types of organizations. The need for and importance of coordination for effective management is essential for each and every organization. The principle of coordination is the ongoing process to secure unity of action in the pursuit of common goals.
Co-ordination is an important and continuous function of management. It provides smooth operation of an organization. Smooth working and achievement of organizational goals depend on sound coordination. The primary reason for coordination is that department and workgroups are interdependent. It is necessary at every level of management. If there is greater interdependence between departments there may be a greater need for coordination. Coordination is essential in all types of organizations. The need for and importance of coordination for effective management are explained below:
Every management tries to improve its working through co-ordination. Coordination is crucial to the effectiveness of the organization. It is the ongoing process to secure unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. The important principles of coordination are as follows:
Kalyan City Blog Spot. 2016. Electronic. 14 06 2016.http://kalyan-city.blogspot.com/2011/05/importance-of-coordination-why-co.html
Kalyan City Life. 2016. electronic. 14 06 2016 http://kalyan-city.blogspot.com/2011/05/four-principles-of-coordination-given.html
What are the principle of co-ordination?
The important principles of coordination are as follows:
1. Principle of early stage
The process of co-ordination must begin in the early stage of planning and the policy formulation of the organization. There must be mutual trust and confidence among the members at the early stage of the organization to coordinate the activities. If coordination is started early only then all the management functions will be performed successfully.
2. Principle of continuity
Coordination must be a continuous or never ending process. It must be carried on through the entire process of management starting from planning to control. The coordination should be continued until its existence. Coordination cannot be left to chance but management should make constant efforts to achieve it.
3. Principle of direct contact
An effective coordination should be based on direct contact or interpersonal relationship among the employees. One special advantage of direct personal contact ia that the concerned persons can discuss among themselves the ideas and opinions leading to mutual understanding and cooperation.
4. Principle of mutual respect
Co-ordination will be successful only if there exist a mutual respect throughout the organization. All managers working at different levels top, middle or lower must respect each other. All employees should respect each other and must show a friendly attitude during interactions.
5. Principle of clarity of objectives
Co-ordination will be successful only if the organization has set its clear objectives. Every manager in the organization should understand the overall goals and the contribution y his job to these goals. Therefore, the goals of the organization should be laid down clearly.
6. Principle of reciprocal relationship
All factors of organization such as men, material, money, and management are interdependent and interrelated. They influence each other and are influenced by others. Hence, every person must consider the impact of his decision or action on others before taking such decision or action.
7. Principle of clear definition of authority and responsibility
A clear definition of authority and responsibility for each individual and department also facilitates effective coordination in an organization. It helps in reducing conflicts among different positions which is essential for sound coordination. It defines who is accountable to whom so that the manager can hold subordinates responsible for violating the limits.
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