Subject: Hotel Management
If you are in rush and famished, go to the restaurant and ask for a sandwich. You perhaps order to make it filled with your choice or filling. Sandwich is getting fame as someone can get all of his/her picks or taste tucked between the slices of bread. They are dry and light food items which are popular as fast food meal. It is a versatile and nutritious meal. It is of various types of bread slices, fillings, and toppings in it. (garnish).Here we present a practical definition of sandwich; sandwich can be defined as two or more slices of bread with fillings such as meat poultry, seafood, vegetables or dairy products in a balanced structure. It can be served as Ala'carte order, during lunch and dinner as snacks, during meal, in high tea and afternoon tea , etc
Originally the term sandwich was applied to a thin slice of meat between the slices of bread and butter. Sandwich was first introduced around the 18th century and all credit goes to Mr. Earl sandwich who was a gambler. it is said that the credit of inventing a sandwich goes to a famous gambler named Mr. Earl Sandwich. An assertive history of sandwich says that the cooks at the beef steak restaurant in London invented the first sandwich. John Montague (1718-1792), the fourth Earl of Sandwich, used to the gambler in that restaurant. It is believed that he ordered his valet to bring him a meat tucked piece of bread so that he would be able to eat and play at a time. Today, billions of sandwich varieties are after his legacy.
Sandwiches are best accompanied by barbecue sauce, tomato ketchup, deep fried potatoes or salad. The bread used for the preparation of sandwich are ; white bread, brown bread or French bread, ciabatta bread, baguette bread etc.
Grain foods which are present in the sandwich are a vital source of carbohydrates, which provides energy. The fiber in the whole grain prevents cancer. Vitamin B, niacin, thiamine, folic acid and riboflavin can help to prevent memory loss, increase intake of grain-based food help to replenish serotonin level and increase the body conforming response.
There are mainly three types of sandwich and they are categorized according to their substantial look and ambiance. They are:
The filling is presented and decorated in as single slice of bread. Open sandwiches are complicated as they need a high degree of balance while adjusting filling and cutting in some fancy shapes.
Fillings in this types of sandwiches are presented between two or more slices of bread. Trimming and cutting are important aspects while preparing this type of sandwich. The types of number of fillings are determined the way it is cut and served,
Another important sandwich is cooked sandwich. This type of sandwich is either grilled or toasted.
Bread toast of two or three-deckers, either closed or open are laid up with its required filings after the butter is toasted. Butter should be spread on the top or between the slices of bread and should be warmed in a salamander or on a hot plate before laying up its fillings into them. They are cut and shaped in the even sizes and served either open or closed with a correct accompaniment. It is served with a correct accompaniment such as with French fry, chips, wafers etc and other garnishes. Sauces like tomato ketchup may be served in a separate bowl along with them.
Bread of two or three-deckers, either closed or open are laid up on the top or between the slices spreading butter. They are grilled in an oven, hot plate or grillers till brown without burning them. Sauce may be served in a separate bowl along with them. The grilled sandwich can be best accompanied by salad as it is hot and garnished attractively. It is served with a French fry, wafer, chips and tomato ketchup.
Some examples of plain, toasted and grilled sandwich
Some of the varieties of sandwiches are as follow:
The loaf is cut into round circle and fillings are presented between round slices as to have a look like a cake.
Then filling is presented between two or three rectangular slices decorated as sandwich cake and sliced the bread and served.
Generally prepared by using two colored bread (brown or white) the fillings are presented in a well-balanced manner. It is cut into stripes and then served.
Bread slices are trimmed and flattened, the spread is applied along with, filling are presented and the loaf is rolled up and chilled. It is cut into slices and served.
Two types of fillings are presented between three slices of buttered bread. The whole structure is balanced, trimmed and held together with a cocktail stick and given a perfect decoration.
Fillings are varied but they must have a nutritive balance and complete color contrast. Some of its examples are as follow:
225 grams of butter, 1 tablespoon of lemon juice, 1 table spoon of fish paste (in case of fish sandwich)
225 grams of butter, 2 spoons of onion juice, 1 spoon of cold water
225 grams of butter, 1/3 cup of mashed sardine, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.
a spoon of lemon juice.
250 milliliters of olive oil, 2 number of egg yolk, 2 teaspoons of vinegar, a ½ tablespoon of mustard powder. These are ingredients of mayonnaise see the recipes for making mayonnaise sauce and spread it in the sandwich with its fillings.
Mustard paste, salt, and pepper
Combination of fillings used in sandwich
Joshi, Basant Prasad et.al., Fundamentals of Hotel Management-XII, Sukunda Pustak Bhandar, Kathmandu
Bhandari, Saroj Sing et.al., Principle of Hotel Management-XII, Asmita Publication, Kathmandu
Oli, Gopal Singh et.al., Hotel Management Principle and practices-XII, Buddha Prakashan, Kathmandu
Sandwich can be divided into four parts
There are mainly three types of sandwich
Some of the varieties sandwiches are
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