Muscular System

Subject: Health and Physical Education

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Overview

The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles. It is the system made up of muscles. This note gives the information about the muscular system and its functions and types of muscles found in the human body.
Muscular System

Muscular System

Source: www.slideshare.net Fig: Muscular System
Source: www.slideshare.net
Fig: Muscular System

The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles. It is the system made up of muscles. In the human body about 40% of the body part is made of muscles. It consists of different muscles which help to maintain the posture of the body.In our body, we have 650 muscles. Our muscles help us in various ways like circulating the blood, respiration, pumping the blood, digesting food, move, speak and so on.

Functions of a Muscles

  • It helps in the movement of the body.
  • It helps in the circulation of a blood throughout the body.
  • It helps in the digestions, respiration, and excretion of the body.
  • It helps to give the proper shape to the body.
  • It helps to store energy and produce heat to the body.

Types of the Muscles

In our body, there are many muscles but according to their structure and functions our muscles can be divided into three types, they are given below:

Voluntary muscles

Source: www231.pair.com Fig: Voluntary Muscles
Source: www231.pair.com
Fig: Voluntary Muscles


Voluntary muscles are the muscles which normally exist in the outer part of the body and controlled by an individual according to their will. When we make a movement of a body part it also moves according to our movement. The muscles of legs, hands, arms, neck, belly etc move together with bones.The voluntary muscles are thick and stronger in the middles part and thin and weaker in the ends of the parts. Such types of muscles are striated and stiffer.

Involuntary Muscles

Source: www.slideshare.net Fig: Involuntary Muscles
Source: www.slideshare.net
Fig: Involuntary Muscles


Involuntary muscles are the muscles which cannot be moved according to our will and cannot be seen by the eyes. We cannot be controlled the involuntary muscles by our will. This types of muscles are softer and smooth then compared with voluntary muscles. The movement of the involuntary muscles is done by the nervous system of our body according to the requirement of a body, The muscles of kidney, digestive system, circulatory system etc have the involuntary muscles in our body.

Cardiac Muscles

Source: www.clinicme.com Fig: Cardiac Muscles
Source: www.clinicme.com
Fig: Cardiac Muscles


Cardiac muscles are the muscles which are found only in the heart. These muscles are the involuntary muscles which are strong enough but are very flexible for extension and contraction. Cardiac muscles pump the blood so in this process huge amount of energy is needed. It takes the energy of our body and controlled by the nerve impulse. It is the most important muscles in the human body because if it stops working then human being left to breathe and die.

Things to remember
  • The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles. It is the system made up of muscles.
  • It helps in the circulation of a blood throughout the body.
  • In our body, we have 650 muscles. 
  • Voluntary muscles are the muscles which normally exist in the outer part of the body and controlled by an individual according to their will. 
  • Involuntary muscles are the muscles which cannot be moved according to our will and cannot be seen by the eyes.
  • Cardiac muscles are the muscles which found only in the heart. 

 

  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles.

The functions of muscles are as follow:

  • It helps in the movement of the body.
  • It helps in the circulation of a blood throughout the body.
  • It helps in the digestions, respiration, and excretion of the body.
  • It helps to give the proper shape to the body.
  • It helps to store energy and produce heat to the body.

There are three types of muscles in a human body. They are as follow: 

  • Voluntary Muscles 
  • Involuntary Muscles
  • Cardiac Muscles

Voluntary muscles are the muscles which normally exist in the outer part of the body and controlled by an individual according to their will.

Involuntary muscles are the muscles which cannot be moved according to our will and cannot be seen by the eyes.

Cardiac muscles are the muscles which are found only in the heart.

Voluntary muscles are the muscles which normally exist in the outer part of the body and controlled by an individual according to their will. When we make a movement of a body part it also moves according to our movement. The muscles of legs, hands, arms, neck, belly etc move together with bones.The voluntary muscles are thick and stronger in the middles part and thin and weaker in the ends of the parts. Such types of muscles are striated and stiffer.

Involuntary muscles are the muscles which cannot be moved according to our will and cannot be seen by the eyes. We cannot be controlled the involuntary muscles by our will. This types of muscles are softer and smooth then compared with voluntary muscles. The movement of the involuntary muscles is done by the nervous system of our body according to the requirement of a body, The muscles of kidney, digestive system, circulatory system etc have the involuntary muscles in our body.

Cardiac muscles are the muscles which are found only in the heart. These muscles are the involuntary muscles which are strong enough but are very flexible for extension and contraction. Cardiac muscles pump the blood so in this process huge amount of energy is needed. It takes the energy of our body and controlled by the nerve impulse. It is the most important muscles in the human body because if it stops working then human being left to breathe and die.

 

There are 605 muscles in a human body.

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