Child Right and Duties

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

A child is a future of the nation. So, child rights are the necessary environment and provisions for the overall development of children. Children need food, clothing, shelter, health facilities, education, protection, entertainment and above all, freedom. All children have a claim for these things in a society. These are the basic rights of children. Children should always learn the good qualities and life skills needed for a better life.
Child Right and Duties

Child Right and Duties

Child Right
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Child Right

A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, and unless under the law applicable to the child. Child rights are necessary for every child. It does not matter whether a child is rich or poor, has parents or an orphan. If he/she is strong or weak, sick or healthy, all have the same rights.

Children are small. Children are dependent on the elders. The future of every child depends on the care, facilities and opportunities they get during their childhood. Therefore, if children do not get what they need, they cannot grow up to become worthy citizens of the country. In order to grow up properly, some basic needs are to be fulfilled as their rights.

Some rights of children
All the children have the following rights:

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  • Right to food.
  • Right to clothing.
  • Right to the shelter.
  • Right to education.
  • Right to entertainment.
  • Right to good health and nutrition.
  • Right to name and country.

On the other hand, children should be dutiful and obedient to seniors and other dignified persons of the family and community. Children should always learn the good qualities and life skills needed for a better life. Children are the future of the nation.

Duties of children
While children have rights, they also have certain duties to perform. Some of their duties are:

  • Respect their parents, teachers, elders and love youngsters.
  • Pay attention to personal hygiene.
  • Help people in need.
  • Sharing things with others.
  • Use polite language.
  • Study, play, eat and sleep at the proper time.

Efforts for child rights

Efforts for Child Rights
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Efforts for child rights

The children’s rights movement promotes legal protection for children, from those of adults. International legal instruments include protection for children across the globe. Rights of the child declared that children need safeguards and separate protections should begin even before birth. Various organizations such as UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA, UNDP etc. are active in the protecting children from various socio-economic hazards. To protect and develop the life of the children, UNO had issued the declaration of rights of a child in 1959 A.D.

Children’s rights are human rights for children. The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child is a treaty that recognizes specific rights for children.

  • Right to life, survival, and development.
  • Respect the view of the child.
  • Non-discrimination between children.
  • Promote education for all.
  • Help children survive and thrive.
  • Selt identity with name and nationality.
  • Protection against all forms of exploitation.

Many organizations play an important role to help ensure that governments support, protect, and listen to children. It provides a framework for governments to analyze, and report on, conditions for children in their countries. Hundreds of children are living a miserable life with even no basic services of education, health, and nutrition. Hundreds of them die of communicable diseases. Many children are deprived of even basic education. Many homeless and parentless children are found in the streets. They need more care and protection from the elders. The future of every child is based on the care, services, facilities and conducive environment provided to them. Children are the future of the nation. Proper care and affection are needed for the better life of the children. These necessary environments and provisions are managed by the government of concerning state. The government has to provide essential needs such as nutrition, clothing, shelter, health, education and so on.

There are many other agencies which are working for the protection of child rights. These organizations can be approached for help. For example, Nepal Children’s Organization helps the poor and orphans by providing food, shelter, education and health facilities. UNICEF is playing an important role in spreading awareness about the child rights. Similarly, ILO is working to abolish child labour.

Things to remember
  • Children are the future of the nation.
  • Every child shall have the right to his/her own identity and name.
  • Every child shall have the right to education, right to health, right to play, and so on.
  • We should understand rights and duties as the two sides of the same coin.
  • Children should not forget their duties while using their rights.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Child Right and Duties
Child Rights
Child Rights
Children's Rights and Responsibilities Campaign Project
The Rights of A Child
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Questions and Answers

A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, and unless under the law applicable to the child. Child rights are necessary for every child. The future of every child depends on the care, facilities and opportunities they get during their childhood. Some of the child rights are listed below:

  • Right to food.
  • Right to clothing.
  • Right to shelter.
  • Right to education.
  • Right to entertainment.
  • Right to good health and nutrition.
  • Right to name and country.

Various organizations such as UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA, UNDP etc. are protecting children from various socio-economic hazards. UNICEF is playing an important role in spreading awareness about the child rights. Similarly, ILO is working to abolish child labour.

Children are the future of the nation. Proper care and affection are needed for their better life. These necessary environments and provisions are managed by the government of concerning state. The government has to provide essential needs such as nutrition, clothing, shelter, health, education and so on.

While children have rights, they also have certain duties to perform. Some of their duties are:

  • Respect their parents, teachers, elders and love youngsters.
  • Pay attention to personal hygiene.
  • Help people in need.
  • Sharing things with others.
  • Use polite language.
  • Study, play, eat and sleep at proper time.

The full form of UNO is United Nations Organization.

The full form of CWIN is Child Workers in Nepal.

The full form of WHO is World Health Organization.

The full form of UNESCO is United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization.

The full form of UNICEF is United Nations Children's Emergency Fund.

Th e full form of UNDP is United Nations Development Programme.

The rights which is for overall development of children is called child rights.

Following are some national and international organizations working in the sector of child rights:

  • Nepal Children Organization ( NCO)
  • Child Workers in Nepal (CWIN)
  • United Nations Organization (UNO)
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