Subject: Social Studies
Landlocked countries have no territorial access to the seas. Landlocked countries have very often lower average development levels than their neighbours. Those countries which are connected to or near to
seas and oceans have developed and progressed. But, landlocked countries not only face the challenge of distance but also, the challenges that result from a dependence on passage through a sovereign transit country. Due to their remoteness, landlocked countries are dependent on neighbouring transit countries for their external trades and suffer from high trade transaction costs. The sea is regarded as the storage of minerals and many precious substances. Landlocked countries are at a disadvantage compared with equally remote, island regions of large countries. Landlocked countries like Nepal lack such facilities and accesses. Some of the problems faced by Nepal are as follows:
Sea is the sources of minerals. These minerals are raw materials for industries. Most of the countries near seas are rich. Tourism can be developed if there is sea shore. Moreover, sea beaches are good tourist destinations. Many European countries have easy access to waterways. But, landlocked countries like Nepal does not have such access. We have to invest a large amount of capital for roads and airways. Similarly, due to the weak international trade, a landlocked country has to suffer from a frequent price
hike. As it has to depend upon the higher amount of imported goods, it has to bear a trade deficit.
Due to the lack of direct access to the sea, landlocked countries are away from major trade-related networks and hardly benefit from trade opportunities .Land transportation costs many times higher than sea transport. This raises the transaction cost of almost all imports and exports. Therefore, a landlocked country is less advantageous to a development strategy based on foreign trade. Apart from Europe, there is not a single successful highly developed landlocked country when measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). A landlocked country bears high transit costs due to physical distance. They are isolated from the rest of the world. So, there may be less chance of cultural exchange, less opportunity to understand each others' culture and lifestyle. As it has to depend on upon the higher amount of imported goods, it has to bear trade deficit. A landlocked country may use a natural protection for its domestic industries, to overcome this condition.
What are seas regarded as?
Seas are regarded as the storehouse of minerals and many precious substances. It has a variety of minerals. These minerals are raw materials for industries. Tourism can be developed if there are sea shores. So, those countries in the world which are developed and progressed are connected to seas and oceans.
Mention any four problems faced by Nepal.
As Nepal is a landlocked country, it faces various problems. Some of them are as follows:
How does price of goods get hiked?
A landlocked country has to suffer from frequent price hike because of the weak international trade. The country has to depend on the higher amount of imported goods.
Why are European landlocked countries relatively developed than the Asian landlocked countries?
Many European countries have easy access to waterways. Sea is the sources of minerals. These minerals are raw material for industries. Most of the countries near seas are rich. Tourism can be developed if there are sea shores. Sea beaches are good tourist destinations. Similarly, most of the Asian Countries, depend on expensive means of transport. The cost of airways and roadways are expensive than waterways. So, the European landlocked countries are relatively developed than the Asian landlocked countries.
List the problems faced by landlocked countries.
A country which is surrounded by land is called a landlocked country. Some of the problems faced by the landlocked countries are as follows:
How can the problem faced by Nepal be solved?
Nepal is a landlocked country. It has to face many difficulties. So, to solve the problem, the Government should give proper attention to the country's situation. The country should use the available resources and use a natural protection for its domestic industries, to overcome this condition.
Why do landlocked countries bear high transit costs?
The landlocked countries bear high transit costs due to physical distance.
Why do landlocked countries bear trade deficit?
Landlocked countries have to depend on the higher amount of imported goods. So, they have to bear trade deficit.
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