Agriculture

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Our country is an agro-based country. The economy of Nepal is dependent upon agriculture. It is the main source of income of Nepalese people. About 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture. Agriculture is known as the backbone of the economy of Nepal. It also gives the information about the importance, problems and solutions related to agriculture.
Agriculture

Our country is an agro-based country. The economy of Nepal is dependent upon agriculture. It is the main source of income of Nepalese people. About 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture.

source : econitynepal.com Fig : Agriculture
source : econitynepal.com
Fig : Agriculture

Agriculture is known as the backbone of the economy of Nepal.

Importance

Agriculture is the base for human survival on earth. Agriculture has been the highest priority because the economic growth is dependent on both increasing the productivity of existing crops and diversifying the agriculture base for use as industrial inputs. Some of the importances of agriculture is given below:

  • Supply of Food
    Agriculture sector provides fodder for livelihood for nearly 35.33 crores people. Food is essential for survival. There should be sufficient production of grains, vegetables, fruits etc. This is only possible through agriculture.

  • Sources of Income
    Agriculture is the premier sources of our national income. People are engaged in trade, service, industry, commerce, agriculture etc for their livelihood. More than 80% of people are engaged in agriculture. So, it is the main source of income in Nepal.

  • Employment
    Many people are unemployed in Nepal. They are going abroad for employment opportunities But, agriculture also can provide a lot of employment opportunities in our own motherland. All youth should be motivated to be involved in the agricultural sector to develop the nation.

  • Source of Trade
    It is the agricultural sector that feeds country's trade. Cardamom, tea, sugar, tobacco etc. are exported to other foreign countries. This amount can be well utilized to import other necessary inputs, raw materials, machinery and other infrastructures which are otherwise useful for the promotion of economic development of the country.

  • Source of raw materials
    Nepal has many agro-based small and medium scale industries which are based on agriculture. Raw materials required for these industries are obtained from agriculture. For examples, sugar mills need sugarcanes, tea estates need tea leaves, rice and flour mills need materials from paddy and wheat.
    There are some reasons which are slowing the development work of the nation. Some of them are as follows:
    1. Traditional farming method
    2. Agriculture depending on seasonal/monsoon rain
    3. Lack of proper irrigation
    4. Lack of market
    5. Dual possession of land

How to solve these problems?

The problem of agriculture can be solved if the Government of Nepal focuses on it. Some of the measures to solve these problems are as follows:

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  1. Irrigation Facilities
    Irrigation of Nepal is based on the seasonal climate or ‘monsoon’. It is difficult for a water system for
    source : www.kz.undp.org Fig : Development of agriculture
    Source : www.kz.undp.org
    Fig : Development of agriculture
    irrigation in Nepal. There should be the provision of canals, channels, wells etc. for the related sectors so that they can do irrigation at any time. The government should provide sufficient facilities and work with the local bodies to develop irrigation of Nepal.

  2. Modern Farming Method
    Nepalese farmersuse the traditional way of farming, which results in less production in the field of farming. The modern and scientific methods of farming should be used. The farmers should be provided training and modern equipment for sufficient and smooth production. Farmers should be motivated, supported and farming also should be given priority by the government.

  3. Management of Market
    There should be the good market for the product or goods. The farmers should get easy access to the market so that they would get a good price for their products. Themiddleman or brokersshould be controlled by the government.

  4. Trainings
    Training programs should be conducted frequently in the country for the farmers by the government and other different district level organizations/departments. The trainings help the farmers to generate and update their skills and knowledge. Such trainings also help in the modern method of farming.

  5. Provision of loan and materials
    Farmers need loans for seeds and fertilizers. The government should provide loans at low interest rate for the farmers so that they can easily buy sufficient seeds and farming equipment.

Things to remember
  • Our country is an agro-based country. 
  • About 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture. Agriculture is known as the backbone of the economy of Nepal.
  • Agriculture is the base for human survival on earth. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Agriculture
Agriculture Documentary by Dashrat sunar
Questions and Answers

The main problems faced by the farmers are given below:

  1. Traditional farming method
  2. Agriculture depending on seasonal/monsoon rain.
  3. Lack of proper irrigation
  4. Lack of market
  5. Dual possession of land

The solutions to the lack of irrigation in Nepal are as follow:

  1. Irrigation Facilities: Irrigation of Nepal is based on the seasonal climate or ‘monsoon’. It is difficult for a water system for irrigation in Nepal. There should be the provision of canals, channels, wells etc. for the related sectors so that they can do irrigation at any time. The government should provide sufficient facilities and work with local bodies to develop irrigation of Nepal.
  2. Provision of loan and materials: Farmers need loans for seeds and fertilizers. The government should provide loans at low interest rate for the farmers so that they can easily buy sufficient seeds and farming equipment.
  3. Strong Government: There should be strong government to conduct irrigation projects properly with smooth and effective plans. The government should make strict rules and regulations to the brokers who are involved in corruption.

Agriculture is the base for human survival on earth. Agriculture has been given the highest priority because the economic growth is dependent on both increasing the productivity of existing crops and diversifying the agriculture base for use as industrial inputs. Some of this importances of agriculture are given below:

  • Supply of Food:
    Agriculture sector provides fodder for livelihood for nearly 35.33 crores people. Food is very essential for survival.
  • Source of Income:
    Agriculture is the premier source of our national income. People are engaged in trade, service, industry, commerce, agriculture etc. for their livelihood. More than 80% of people are engaged in agriculture. So, it is the main source of income in Nepal.
  • Employment:
    Many people are unemployed in Nepal. They are going abroad for employment opportunities. But, agriculture can also provide a lot of employment opportunities in our own motherland.
  • Source of Trade:
    It is the agricultural sector that feeds country's trade. Cardamom, tea, sugar, tobacco etc. are exported to other foreign countries. This amount can be well utilized to import other necessary inputs, raw materials, machinery and other infrastructures which is otherwise useful for the promotion of economic development of the country.
  • Source of Raw Materials:
    Nepal has many agro-based small and medium scale industries which are based on agriculture. Raw materials required for these industries are obtained from agriculture. For example, sugar mills need sugarcanes, tea estates need tea leaves, rice and flour mills need materials from paddy and wheat.

There should be the good market for the products and goods. The farmers should get easy access to the market so that they would get a good price for their products. The middleman or brokers should be controlled by the government. 

 

The list of cash crops and food crops grown in Nepal are as follows:

Cash Crops: Wheat, Millet, Barley, Tea, Sugarcane, Tobacco, Coffee, Jute etc.
Food Crops: Rice, Maize, Wheat, Millet etc.

About 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture.

Agriculture is the main source of income of Nepalese people.

People of Nepal are going abroad because of these reasons:

  • Lack of employment opportunities
  • Political instability
  • Weak feeling of nationality
  • Unplanned urbanization

 

 

 

Agriculture is the backbone of Nepal.

Irrigation is the system of supplying direct water from the river to the agricultural field to provide nutrients directly to the root zone of the plants.

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