Industries

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

An industry is the group of people working in enterprises to form a final product. There are various kinds of industries which produce different products like gold, beverages, steel, textiles, lumber and other physical items. There are also other industries which provide transportation services to the people like an airline, railway, road etc. and also other industries which provide food and beverage services like restaurants, hotels, pubs, etc.
Industries

An industry is the home of production of raw materials goods into a final product. The word industry comes from Latin word "industria", which means "diligence", which reflect the disciplined way of human energy, natural resources, and technology.

An industry is the group of people working in enterprises to form a final product. There are various kinds

source : www.catmando.com Fig : Industries
Source : www.catmando.com
Fig : Industries

of industries which produce different products like gold, beverages, steel, textiles, lumber and other physical items. There are also other industries which provide transportation services to the people like an airline, railway, road etc. and also other industries which provide food and beverage services like restaurants, hotels, pubs, etc. Industries also may be classified as primary and secondary according to their production and raw materials used.

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Importance of Industry

Nepal is an agricultural country. Development of industries is the base for the development of the whole nation. Without industrial development, there is no progress in the development activities of a nation. There are several sectors of industries which help in the development of a nation like education, health, and communication. There are some significances of industries which are as follows:

  • Utilization of resources
  • Support to agriculture
  • Infrastructural development
  • Development of handicraft
  • Creates employment opportunities

Categories of Industries

The industries can be classified into following on the basis of capital, manpower and raw materials.

  1. Cottage and Small Scale Industries
  2. Medium Scale Industries
  3. Infrastructural Development

Industrial Estates in Nepal

Balaju Industrial Estate (2016 BS)
Patan Industrial Estate (2020 BS)
Dhankuta Industrial Estate (2041 BS)
Hetauda Industrial Estate (2020 BS)
Bhaktapur Industrial Estate
Dharan Industrial Estate (2029 BS)
Butwal Industrial Estate (2032 BS)
Birendranagar Industrial Estate
Nepalgunj Industrial Estate (2030 BS)
Pokhara Industrial Estate
Rajbiraj Industrial Estate

According to the Industrial Development Act, 2054,a cottage industry is an industry which can be established by local material and skills. It can be established with low capital.
Small industries required fixed capital up to 30 million, medium industries required capital from 30 million to 100 million, whereas large industries required capital of more than 100 million.

Some of the large industries of Nepal are given below with their location:
Cement Industry: Hetauda, Udaipur, and Tanahu
Sugar Industry: Birgunj, Biratnagar, Nawalparsi, Bhairahawa, Mahottari, and Sarlahi
Paper Industry: Nawalparasi and Dhanusha
Cotton Textile Industry: Western Terai
Jute Industry: Biratnagar, Dharan

Apart from these industries, there are tea, cigarette, match, leather and much more industries located in various part of the nation. Although these industries pay large amount tax to the government which helps in the national economy of a nation, there are various kinds of problems. Some of them are as follows:

  • Lack of capital
  • Lack of skilled manpower
  • Shortage of machinery equipment and technology
  • Limited market
  • Defective industrial policies

Tourism Industry

Tourism is another important factor of Nepalese economy. It is the largest industry in Nepal and also largest of foreign exchange and revenue. It is creating many opportunities for the people who live in rural

Source : en.wikipedia.org Fig : Tourism in Nepal
Source : en.wikipedia.org
Fig : Tourism in Nepal

places where there is no good roads or no roads. Our natural beauty is also one of the main reasons for the development of tourism. Every year more than a million tourists come to visit Nepal which directly brings changes in the national economy. A tourist not only gets to enjoy the trip with majestic views of the various peaks but also gets an opportunity to understand the culture, hospitality of Nepalese people and village life of our country.

Things to remember
  • The word industry comes from Latin word "industria", which means "diligence", which reflect the disciplined way of human energy, natural resources, and technology.
  • An industry is the group of people working in enterprises to form a final product. 
  • Tourism is the largest industry in Nepal and also largest of foreign exchange and revenue. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

Some significances of industries for the development of a country are as follows:

  • Utilization of resources
  • Support to agriculture
  • Infrastructural development
  • Development of handicraft
  • Creation of employment opportunities

There are various kinds of problems in Nepalese industries. Some of them are as follows:

  • Lack of capital
  • Lack of skilled manpower
  • Shortage of machinery equipment and technology
  • Limited market
  • Defective industrial policies
  • Political Instability

 

Some of the large industries of Nepal are given below with their locations:

  • Cement Industry: Hetauda, Udaipur, and Tanahu
  • Sugar Industry: Birgunj, Biratnagar, Nawalparsi, Bhairahawa, Mahottari, and Sarlahi
  • Paper Industry: Nawalparasi and Dhanusha
  • Cotton textile Industry: Western Terai
  • JuteIndustry: Biratnagar, Dharan
  • Noodles Industry: Chitwan, Kathmandu

Industries and agriculture are two sides of a coin. They need each other to run smoothly and effectively. The raw materials required for the industries are obtained from the agriculture and industries convert it into final goods. Agriculture is the base of industries. So, they are related to each other.

The measures that can be applied to solve the problems faced by the industries are as follows:

  • Good financial support should be provided
  • Production of skilled manpower
  • Sufficient machinery equipment and technology should be provided
  • Proper market
  • Good industrial policies
  • Political stability

 

The differences between medium and large scale industries are as follows:

Medium Scale Industries Large Scale Industries
Limited sources of capital, some hard to access. Wide range of funding sources.
Long-term planning is not required. Long term planning is required for these industries.
Less amount of human resources is required. Huge amount of skilled manpower is required.
Less raw materials are required. Large amount of raw materials are required.

The Industrial Estates of Nepal are as follows:

Balaju Industrial Estate (2016 BS)
Patan Industrial Estate (2020 BS)
Dhankuta Industrial Estate (2041 BS)
Hetauda Industrial Estate (2020 BS)
Bhaktapur Industrial Estate
Dharan Industrial Estate (2029 BS)
Butwal Industrial Estate (2032 BS)
Birendranagar Industrial Estate
Nepalgunj Industrial Estate (2030 BS)
Pokhara Industrial Estate
Rajbiraj Industrial Estate

 

A large-scale industry has capital more than 100 million ( 1 crore) rupees.

There are 3 types of industries, they are as follows:

  1. Cottage and Small Scale Industries
  2. Medium Scale Industries
  3. Infrastructural Development

Chaudhary Group (CG) or Noodles Industry is the largest industry of Nepal.

The list of transportation industries of Nepal are as follows:

  • Airline Industry
  • Railway Industry
  • Road Industry

A cottage industry is an industry which can be established by local material and skills. It can be established with low capital.

The Latin word for industry is industria, which means diligence.

Restaurants, hotels, pubs, etc. are the industries which provide food and beverage facilities.

Tourists are the people who visit from origin to destination for different purposes like business, visit, refreshment etc.

Medium industries require capital from 30 million to 100 million to establish.

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