Sources of Population Statistics

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Sources of population statistics data are used to summarize a set of observations, in order to communicate the largest amount of information as simply as possible. Data related to the population can be acquired by the process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analysing and otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data, at a specified time, to all persons in a country. This unit also gives the information about the primary Sources and secondary sources of data.
Sources of Population Statistics

Sources of Data

Data related to the population can be acquired by the process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analysing and otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data, at a specified time, to all

source : hubpages.com Fig ; Population
source : hubpages.com
Fig ; Population

persons in a country. These are known as sources of population statistics. These sources are classified into two groups; Primary and Secondary.

Primary Sources

Primary sources are obtained by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Often these sources are created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, but primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later.

  • Sample surveys
  • Census
  • Vital Registration
  • Administrative Records
  1. Sample Surveys
    Sample Survey is the process of selecting a sample of elements from a target population to conduct a survey. The term survey may refer to many different types or techniques of observations. In survey sampling, it most often involves a questionnaire used to measure the characteristics and attitudes of people. It is the process of collecting important data from a selected groups of people that represent the whole population of an area.

  2. Census
    It is the main source of population data. A population census determines the size of a country's population and the characteristics of its people, such as their sex, background, marital status,
    source :studiousguy.com Fig : Population data
    source :studiousguy.com
    Fig : Population data
    income, literacy, religion, language, caste/ethnic group, economically active population, education, number of children, employment status, occupation etc. The first census was taken in 1911 A.D. Nepal observed the centenary of thecensus in 2011 A.D.
    • Total population in 2011: 26,494,504
    • Increase since last census 2001: 3,343,081
    • Annual population growth rate (exponental growth): 1.35
    • Number of households: 5,427,302
    • Average household size: 4.88
    • Population in Mountain: 6.73%, Hill: 43.00% and Terai: 50.27%.

      Census Year (A.D) Population
      1911 5,638,749
      1920 5,573,788
      1930 5,532,574
      1941 6,283,649
      1952/54 8,256,625
      1961 9,412,996
      1971 11,555,983
      1981 15,022,839
      1991 18,491,097
      2001 23,151,423
      2011 26,494,504

      A census provides detailed information on different aspects of the population such as its composition, distribution, and change. A census report greatly helps in making realistic future plans.

  3. Vital Registration
    The most common way of collecting information on this event is through Vital Registration. It is the administrative system used by governments to record vital events which occur in their populations. It also refers to the formal registration and statistical recording of vital events such as birth, death, migration, marriage, abortion, divorce and adoption.

  4. Administrative Records
    Administrative Records are very vital for an effective plan to manage the population. The administrative record is the paper trail that documents the agency's decision-making process and the basis for the agency's decision. It is a data collected by administrative units like a number of students, telephone directory, records of public servants, health status etc.

Secondary Sources

Secondary data refers to data that was collected by someone other than the user. Secondary data are those data which are already prepared and compiled by different national and international organizations for their own purposes. Secondary sources of statistics can be journals, magazines, reports related to different research, annual reports etc. Secondary data can be obtained from different sources such as

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  • progress reports
  • internet searches or libraries
  • information collected through censuses of government departments like housing, social security, electoral statistics, tax records etc.

Things to remember
  • National population statistics are usually collected by conducting a census.
  • Census usually include questions about where a person usually lives, whether they are resident or visitor, or also live somewhere else.
  • Vital registration refers to the formal registration and statistical recording of vital events such as birth, death, migration, abortion, divorce and adoption.
  • Sample survey is a process of collecting important data from the selected groups of people that represent the whole population of an area.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The major sources of population data are primary data and secondary data.

  1. Primary data
    Primary sources are obtained by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later. Primary sources of data may be:
    • Sample surveys
    • Census
    • Vital Registration
    • Administrative Records
  2. Secondary data
    Secondary data refers to data that was collected by someone other than the user. Secondary sources of statistics can be journals, magazines, reports related to different researchers, annual reports etc.

A population census determines the size of a country's population and the characteristics of its people, such as their sex, background, marital status and income,literacy, religion, language, caste/ethnic group, economically active population, education, number of children, employment status, occupation etc.

The most common way of collecting information on these events is through Vital Registration. It is the administrative system used by the governments to record vital events which occur in their populations. It also refers to the formal registration and statistical recording of vital events such as birth, death, migration, marriage, abortion, divorce and adoption.

Sample Survey is the process of selecting a sample of elements from a target population to conduct a survey. The term survey may refer to many different types or techniques of observations. The survey sampling most often involves a questionnaire used to measure the characteristics and attitudes of people. It is the process of collecting important data from a selected groups of people that represent the whole population of an area.

Administrative records are very vital for an effective plan to manage the population. The administrative records are the paper trail that documents the agency's decision-making process and the basis for the agency's decision. It is a data collected by administrative units like number of students, telephone directory, records of public servants, health status etc.

The total population of Nepal in 2011 was 2,64,94,504.

The first census was taken in 1911 A.D. in Nepal.

The main source of population data is census.

The primary sources of data are as follows:

  • Vital Information
  • Census
  • Sample Surveys
  • Administrative Records

Secondary data are those data which are already prepared and compiled by different national and international organizations for their own purpose. Secondary sources of statistics can be journals, magazines, reports related to different research, annual reports etc. Secondary data can be obtained from different sources such as

  • progress reports
  • internet searches or libraries
  • information collected through censuses or government departments like housing, social security, electoral statistics, tax records etc.

 

The major sources of population data are Census, Vital Registration, Sample Surveys etc.

A census is a term usually referred to an official count by a national government of country's population in every 10 years.

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