Causes and Solutions of Social Problems

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

The main causes of social evils are illiteracy and poverty. There are other factors too that cause many serious problems in our society. Conducting awareness programmes can be the best way to reduce the social evils in our society.
Causes and Solutions of Social Problems

Causes of Social Problem

Social problems are the general factors that affect the society. Social problems often involve problems that affect real life. It also affects how people react to certain situations. People practice and promote social evils because they are ignorant of the adversities. There are lots of NGOs and INGOs which are working to eliminate social problems. The awareness programs they introduce do not reach to the actual victims. Some causes of social problems are listed below:

  • Unemployment
    Unemployment
    Source:www.nkytribune.com
    Fig: Unemployment

    Unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. Unemployment is one of the causes of social problems. It leads to the frustration. Due to unemployment, problems like burglary, loot, murder, theft arises.


  • Poverty
    Poverty
    Source:supportchildpovertyinzimbabwe.weebly.com Fig: Poverty

    Poverty is the lack of a certain amount of material possessions or money. It includes social, economic, and political elements. Poverty causes lack of food, health services and others. Rural people in Nepal generally have large families, very small landholdings or none at all, and high rates of illiteracy. Because of poor growth in the agricultural sector, living standards in rural areas causes poverty. The growing population has put heavy pressure on cultivable land.


  • Rapid population growth
    Rapid population growth is the increase in the number of individuals. Over-population is caused by the number of factors. It leads to the unemployment and poverty.


  • Urbanization
    Urbanization
    Source:www.cnbc.com
    Fig: Urbanization

    Urbanization is the population shift from rural to urban areas. Urbanization creates enormous social, economic and environmental changes, which provide an opportunity for sustainability with the potential to use resources more efficiently. It is the cause of social problems. It is believed that living in a city can provide opportunities, diversity, and marketplace competition. As against this, there may be stress, increased cost of living, and negative social aspects that result from a mass.


  • Lack of education
    Lack of education is one of the causes of social problems. People without good education are at risk from a lifetime of poor diet, long manual working and worsening mental health. Lack of education can have serious effects on children and adults and can affect health, living conditions and social situations. Due to lack of education, people do not take care of themselves because they are less educated about topics such as family planning and proper hygiene.


  • Superstitious beliefs
    Superstitious beliefs
    Source:www.cbc.ca
    Fig:Superstitious beliefs
    The superstitious beliefs which are deeply rooted in Nepalese societies are also promoting social problems. People believe in various traditions which would not let an individual to progress. This happens because people are innocent. They are not conscious about the consequences of their beliefs and practices. Such people can be easily convinced and cheated. People in rural areas still visit dhamis and jhankris.


  • Gender Discrimination
    Our society is highly influenced by gender discrimination. Most of the domestic decisions are finalized by the males. Most of the time discrimination may not be visible on the surface. Even our religious scriptures are considered full of such stories which show women under the subjugation of their male counterpart.


  • Caste Discrimination
    Lots of people are victimized in the name of caste. This happens because people have been divided as touchable and untouchables. This sort of discrimination occurs because the so-called higher caste does not regard others as fellow human beings. They are not aware that everyone is born equal. Lack of education, remaining stuck to old traditions, unwillingness to change, lack of consciousness are at the core of such discrimination.


  • Lack of guidance to youngsters
    Many of the younger generation fall easily to bad habits. In the absence of proper guidance and counseling they are involved in various anti- social behaviour like stealing, robbery, murder, kidnapping etc. They prefer expensive gadgets just to exhibit them in front of their friends. They feel proud when they give a false impression of being rich and wealthy. They should not copy or get impressed by the false life of the celebrities and expensive commercial movies. Parents, teachers and educated members of the society should give proper guidance and advise them.

Solution of Social Problems

The solution of the social problem is to be found in the problem itself. Social problems refer to any undesirable condition that is opposed either by the whole society or by a section of the society. Social problems and evils are the barriers to development and progress.

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Nepal is facing a large number of social problems such as caste system, child labour, illiteracy, gender inequality, superstitions, religious conflicts and much more. A single person is not responsible for these social problems. It is high time to get relief of these undesirable social evils. Illiteracy and poverty are also the major root causes of social evils. We have discussed the social problems and their causes in the previous chapter.

Some of the major solutions are as follow:

  • Mass awareness
  • Education
  • Humanity
  • Positive attitude
  • Tolerance
Things to remember
  • Nepal is  facing a large number of social issues such as caste system, child labour, illiteracy, gender inequality, superstitions, religious conflict and many more.
  • Illiteracy can lead to social evils like child labour, mal-practices, child marriage and untouchability.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

Social problems are the general factors that affect and damage society. Social problems often involve problems that affect real life. The main causes of social problems are:

  1. Unemployment
  2. Poverty
  3. Rapid population growth
  4. Urbanization
  5. Lack of education
  6. Superstitious beliefs
  7. Gender discrimination
  8. Caste discrimination

There are lots of NGOs and INGOs which are working to eliminate social problems but still we have social problems because the awareness programs they introduce do not reach to the actual victims.

Superstitious beliefs would not let an individual to progress. This happens because people are innocent. They do not know the consequences of their beliefs and practices. Such persons can be easily convinced and cheated. So, superstitious beliefs are responsible for social problem.

Human beings are social animal and greedy by nature. Some of the people are tired of living a simple life. They are encouraged to do illegal works because they find the law enforcing bodies loose and helpless. This can lead to social problems.

People are victimized by the name of caste. This sort of discrimination occurs because so called higher cast do not regard others as fellow human beings. They are not aware that everyone is born equal. This leads to social problems.

Many of the younger generation fall easily to bad habits. They are easily influenced by the other's behaviour, whether they are good or bad. They prefer expensive gadgets just to exhibit them in front of their friends. They feel proud when they give false impression of being rich and wealthy. They should not copy or get impressed by the false life of the celebrities and expensive commercial movies.

Social problems and evils are the barriers to the development and progress. Nepal is facing a large number of social problems such as caste system, child labour, illiteracy, gender inequality, superstitions, religious conflicts, and many more.

Social problem is not created by a single person or a commodity. Illiteracy and poverty are the major root causes of social problem. Social problems are created by social conditions.

The major root causes of gender discrimination are superstition, conventional thought about daughter, misconception about human etc. This evil can be solved by imparting knowledge about equality and equity regarding gender.

Superstition is one of the social problems of the country. To solve the problem of superstition, knowledge and education should be spread in the country because knowing nothing causes fear in mind which ultimately arises superstition.

 

Social evils like untouchability is a slur on the Nepalese tradition and lifestyle. The root cause of untouchability is the blind faith in Hinduism and its doctrine of caste division.

The two causes of social problems are as follows:

  • Unemployment
  • Poverty

NGOs and INGOs are working to eliminate social problems.

Gender discrimination means the discrimination between male and female.

The discrimination on the basis of religious and cultural beliefs is called caste discrimination.

The increase in the number of individuals is called rapid population growth.

Social problems are the general factors that affect and damage a society.

Following are the causes of social problems:

  • Unemployment
  • Poverty
  • Lack of education etc.

The problems that we see in a society are called social problems.

Some of example of social problems are :

  • cast discrimination
  • gender discrimination
  • corruption
  • alcoholism etc.
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