Governance refers to the system or manner the government works in. According to the World Bank 'using political power for the management of various affairs of a state is governance'. Governance describes the process of decision-making and process by which its decisions are carried out. Good governance maintains that decisions are taken and carried out in fair manner. The decisions are directed towards the promotion of public welfare.
The concept of good governance was developed with the demand that political power should be used in favour of people. Donor nations and international financial institutions like IMF, ADB or World Bank impose good governance as 'aid conditionally'. They agree to offer aid and loans on the condition that reforms for good governance are made. Good governance, in a broader sense, is to rule according to the need and wish of people as well as for their welfare.
Features of Good Governance
- Rule of Law
- Equality and inclusiveness
- Effectiveness and efficiency
Obstacles of Good Governance in Nepal
- Low level of political awareness
- Lack of appropriate policies and programmes
- System-based administration
- Political instability
- Institutional corruption
- Lack of enough public pressure
- Poor implementation of laws
- Lack of co-ordination between government and civil society
Things to remember
- Governance refers to the system or manner the government works in.
- The concept of good governance was developed with the demand that political power should be used in favour of people.
- Good governance is to rule according to the need and wish of people as well as for their welfare.
- Donor nations and international financial institutions like IMF, ADB or
World Bank impose good governance as 'aid conditionally'.
- It includes every relationship which established among the people.
- There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
- It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
- common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Good Governance
"Good Governance," by R. Scott Turicchi
Bibeksheel Nepali helps a citizen demand accountability from Government's senior officers
bibeksheel nepali launches anticorruption and good governance campaign:
The 12 principles of good governance at local level
Questions and Answers
A good governance refers to the fair manner in which a government works.
A good governance is important as it not only gives the local community confidence in its council, but improves the faith that elected members and officers have in their own local government and its decision-making processes.
Accountability is the soul of democratic government as all government and private institutions along with civil societies are essentially responsible for the respective groups of people for their decisions and actions.
The obstacle of Good Governance can be removed by taking measures to remove poverty, implementing laws, coordinating government and civil society, expansion of social opportunities, etc.
Good governance has major 8 characteristics. They are:
- Rule of law
- Consensus oriented
- Equality and equity
- Effectiveness and efficiency
The challenges of good governance in Nepal are as follow:
- Corruption and impurity
- Process-oriented administration
- Weak civil society
- Insufficient public pressure
- Policy level instability
- Traditional thoughts etc.