Our Development Regions

Subject: Social Studies and Population Education

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Nepal is divided into five development regions. This note provides the information about our development regions.
Our Development Regions

Some information regarding Nepal

Continent: Asia (South)

Longitude: 8004' E to 88012'E

Latitude: 26022'N to 30027' N

Area: 1, 47,181 sq.km.

Borders: India in the south, east and west and China in the north

Length from east to west: 885km

Breadth from north to south: 193km

Nearest Sea: Bay of Bengal (more than 1100 km away)

Development Regions
Figure: Five Development Regions

To operate the proportional, justiciable and balance development in the country, the concept of development region was derived. Therefore Nepal is divided into five development regions.

Formation of Development Regions

S.N. Name of Development Regions of Nepal Headquarter Area No. of zones No. of districts No. of V.D.C.
1 Eastern Development Region Dhankuta 28,456 km2 (10,986.9 sq mi) 3 16 893
2 Central Development Region Kathmandu 27,410 km2 (10,583.1 sq mi) 3 19 1199
3 Western Development Region Pokhara 29,398 km2 (11,350.6 sq mi) 3 16 864
4 Mid-western Development Region Birendranagar 42,378 km2 (16,362.2 sq mi) 3 15 575
5 Far-western Development Region Dipayal 19,539 km2 (7,544.1 sq mi) 2 9 383
Total 1,47,181 km2 14 75 3914

Eastern Development Region:

There are 3 zones in Eastern Development Region, they are Mechi, Koshi, Sagarmatha and 16 districts. Mechi, Koshi, Kankai etc are the major rivers of this development region. Mt. Everest, Kanchanjunga, Makalu, Lhotse, Eumori are the main mountains of this development region. Sagarmatha National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, etc. are the main parks and areas of this development region. Biratnagar, Dharan, Illam, Bhojpur are the major towns of this development region. Geographically it is divided into Terai, Hilly and Mountain region.
Central Development Region:

It has the Eastern Development region to the east, India to the south, Western Development Region to the west. It is the fourth largest development region of Nepal with an area of 27,410 km2(10,580 sq.m). There are 3 zones, which are Janakpur, Narayani, Bagmati, and 19 districts in this development region. Rapti, Bhote Koshi, Kamala, Gosaikunda, Mt. Gaurishankar, Chitwan National Park, Shivapuri Wildlife Reserve, Langtang National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, lies in this development region. Its major cities are Kathmandu, Dhulikhel, Janakpur, Hetauda, Patan, Bharatpur, Bhairawa, Lalitpur, Nagarkot etc. Geographically it is also divided into Mountain, Hill and Terai.
Western Development Region:

The Western Development Region is located in the west-central part of the country. Its headquarter is in Pokhara. Lumbini, Dhaulagiri and Gandaki are the 3 zones of this development region.It has 16 districts. Marshyangdi, Lake Fewa, Lake Begnas, Mt. Annapurna, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and Thaple pass lies in this development region. It also has Annapurna Conservation Area, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserves, Makalu Eco-Tourist Centre. Its major places are Pokhara, Bhairawa, Tansen, Lumbini, Muktinath etc. Geographically it also has Terai, Hill and Himalayan regions and has a similar climate like Eastern Development region.
Mid-Western Development Region:

Rapti, Bheri, Karnali, are the three zones of this region. There are 15 districts in this region. Its main rivers are Karnali, Bheri, Rapti, Babai, etc. and mountains are Mt.Kanjiroba, Mt.Sisne, Mt.Patarasi etc. Bardiya National Park, Shey Phoksundo National Park, Rara National Park are some of the conservation areas of this region. Its major trade centres are Dang, Nepaljung, Birendranagar etc. Its main highways are Ratna Highway and Mahendra Highway. Geographically it also has Hilly, Himalayan and Terai regions. Its total area is 42,378 square km (16,362 sq m). Birendranagar is the headquarter of this region. It occupies 29.2% of the total land of Nepal.
Far-Western Development Region:

There are 2 zones in Far-Western Development Region. They are Seti and Mahakali. There are 9 districts in this region. It is located at the western end of the country. Seti and Mahakali are the two major rivers of this development region. Mt. Api and Mt. Saipal are the two main mountains of this development region. Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Khaptad National Parks, etc. are the main places which help to attract tourists to this development region. Its major trade areas are Dhangadhi, Mahendranagar and Dipayal. Its main highways are Mahendra highway and Bhimdutta highway. Its area is 19,539 km2 (7,544 sq mi). Dipayal is the headquarter of this region.
Things to remember
  • To operate the proportional, justiciable and balance development in the country, the concept of development region was derived
  • There are five development regions in Nepal. They are Eastern Development Region, Central Development Region, Western Development Region, Mid-Western Development Region, Far-Western Development Region.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Our Development Regions
1000 Places to See Before You Die NEPAL-HD
Geographical Diversity of Nepal
Nepal's Geographic Challenge
The Nepal Documentary
Questions and Answers

Any two causes for not having proportionate development in five development region are:

  • Due to the unitary system of government which discourages decentralization of power.
  • Government irresponsibility and negligence while formulating a plan and executing it.

The development situation is different in mountain and terai region because of the topography as the topography is plain in terai it us easier for the developmental works but it's steep and rocky in the mountain.

Nepal is divided into districts and development regions due to the following reasons:
  • For the balanced development in every region
  • For the utilization of local resources of the place
  • For the effective administration of the place
  • For the proportional representation of different people of different regions in the government.

A development region is an administration division of a place created for the development of a particular region. In order to develop the economic condition of all parts of Nepal equally and to bring balanced development throughout the country, the government of Nepal has divided Nepal into five regions known as development regions.

Natural Regions Administration Region
They are the physical or economic division of the country created according to the variation in landforms and climates. They are a political division of the country created according to the principle of decentralisation for efficient administration and balance development.
They run parallel east-west They run parallel north-south.
They include parts of all development regions. They include parts of all natural regions.

The area of Nepal is 1,47,181 sq.km.

The nearest sea to Nepal is Bay of Bengal.

The area of Eastern Development Region is 28,456 sq.km.

The area of Central Development Region is 27,410 sq.km.

The area of Western Development Region is 29,398 sq.km.

The area of Far-WesternDevelopment Region is 19,539 sq.km.

The central development region has the highest no of districts ( 19 districts) and Far Western Development Region has the lowest no of districts( 9 districts).
Sagarmatha and Dhaulagiri are the zones named after the mountains peaks.
Mid- western Development Region (42,398 Sq.km) has the largest area whereas Far-western Development Region (19,539 sq. km) has the smallest area.
Kathmandu has the largest population density and Manang has the smallest population density.
Nepal is full of geographical diversity. It has been divided into Himalayan, Hill and Terai on the basis of environmental features. Its altitude ranges from 60 m to 8848 m. Although it has an influence of tropical monsoon climate, it is partly influenced with Mediterranean in the west. Terai is varying fertile whereas Hill and Himalayan have less.
Central development region is the most developed region because all the sorts of developmental infrastructures are well available here and the status of people is comparatively better than other development regions. For example Health, education, transportation, drinking water, communication facility are found comparatively better here.
First of all, Nepal was divided into four development regions in B.S. 2029.They were-
  • Eastern Development Region
  • Central Development Region
  • Western Development Region
  • Far- Western Development Region
But it was realized that Far- Western Development Region with five zones (Rapti, Seti, Bheri and Mahakali) has become too big creating a regional disparity. So, it was in the year B.S.2037 that Far Western Development Region further fragmented into Mid- western Development Region consisting of Rapti, Karnali and Bheri.
Development Region Headquarters Area
Eastern Development Region Dhankuta-28,456 sq.km.
Central Development Region Kathmnandu-27,410 sq.km
Western Development Region Pokhara-29,398 sq.km
Mid- western Development Region Birendranagar-12,378 sq.km.
Far- western Development Region Dipayal-19,539 sq.km.

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