Introduction to Biodiversity


Introduction to Biodiversity

This note contains information about benefits, scope, and diversity of biodiversity in Nepal. Biodiversity is defined as the variation of living forms on earth which includes plants, animals, microorganisms, contains genes and form the complex ecosystem. Species diversity is the component of the biodiversity which is a group of plants or animals that are similar and able to breed and produce viable offspring under natural conditions. Genetic diversity is the level of biodiversity that refers to the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of the species and recessed in all of the individuals that comprise a particular species.


Taxonomy is the branch of biology which deals with identification, nomenclature and classification pf organisms. This note contains information about the system of classification along with its history.


Nomenclature is the determination of the scientific name or correct name to all organisms so that they are easily distinguished. This note contains information about types of nomenclature, taxonomy hierarchy.

Two Kingdom Classification

The classification in which whole living organisms of the earth are classified into two groups is known as two-kingdom classification. This note contains information about kingdom plantae and animalia and its drawback.

Five Kingdom Classification

Five kingdom classification was proposed by scientist Robert H. Whitaker in 1969 A.D. This note contains information about different kingdom in five-kingdom classification and its advantages and drawbacks.