Notes on Use of ICT in Classroom | Extra References > Teacher Training > Digital Literacy | KULLABS.COM

Use of ICT in Classroom

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Learning should ba made fun. Strict learning does not help in understanding the subject matter. Technology has been an integral part of our life and now its time we use it for our children's education. Use of animations, games audio and video has proved efficient in increasing learning behavour in children. Usng technology has motivated students to learn and teachers to teach. Technology has bridged the gap between teachers and students. It links students to professional content, resources and system to help improve their own instruction and personalized learning. Use of technology in eduvation has increased the time for students and teachers to learn and teach. Now teacher can give appropricate time for students through technology. Use of technology has changed the prospect of education from pushing to pulling i.e. teaching has been shifted its focus from teacher to students. Use of technology has made education a global platform and we can collaborate with people around the world to learn and teach. We are in 21st century and in Nepal we are still using traditional methods of teaching. To make our classroom a digital classroom we just need a computer, projector and appropriate software. With these combination we can run e-class and make our class fun. Most of the time we can make presentation slides and use it to teach but if there is a software that is entirely dedicated for running e-class, we can use it instead.

Use of equipments in classroom:

Projector: It is used to project software used for teaching into the whiteboard. It can project text, video or graphics used by the software. The projecting area for the projector can be set according to the need and can be larger than the regular board. With the use of higher area we increase the visual input for the students. Use of projector allows teachers to provide diverse content to all the student. It replaces the traditional way of teaching which is an exiting convept for children. It minimizes the time consumed for teaching each student in the pc.

Use of Projector:

  1. Make sure the projector is turned on, and then plug the projector cable into a video port on your computer.


    • Projectors use VGA or DVI cables. You must plug the cable into a matching video port on your computer. Although some computers have both types of video ports, most laptops just have one type. Some projectors can be connected to a USB port on your computer with a USB cable.

    Illustration of VGA and DVI ports
    VGA and DVI ports
  2. Open Control Panel by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button, and then clicking Control Panel.

  3. In the search box, type projector, and then click Connect to a projector.

    (To use a keyboard shortcut instead of Control Panel, press the Windows logo key Picture of Windows logo key+P).
  4. Select how you want your desktop to be displayed:

    • Computer only (This shows your desktop only on your computer screen.)

    • Duplicate (This shows your desktop on both your computer screen and a projector.)

    • Extend (This extends your desktop from your computer screen to a projector.)

    • Projector only (This shows your desktop only on a projector.)

Picture of the choices for how to display your desktop


Digital Camera:

It is used to take digital photgraph. The ligt rays come to the camera and pass through the lens and aperture to the semiconductor which records the light electronically. The semiconductor (sensor) for light is called charged copuled device (CCD) or complimentry metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS). These sensors convert light energy into electrons. CCD will transport the charge across the chip and places it at one corner which is then converted to each pixel (digital) by analog to digital converter. CMOS will use many transistors at each pixil to record pixel with the help of the charge generated by the light intensity. The photos will be stored in the memory stick and later can be transfered to the computer. Then we can use those pictures in our class to teach students.


Flash drive:

Flash drives are the small storage devicethat can store certain amount of data. They are small and portable. The amount of data they can hold ranges for few megabytes to 2 terabytes. We mostly find 8 to 32 GB flash drives. Flash drive use USB mass storage standards that are supported by most of the operating systems. There is basically three components of the flash drive:

  1. Standard-A USB plug that provides physical interface to connect to the computer.
  2. Circuit board which consist of USB mass storage controller that controls the behaviour of flash drive when connected to the computer, NAND flash memory chip that stores the data and crystal oscillator that controls its data output.
  3. Cover which provides mechanical support to the flash drive.

The capacity of the flash drive depend on NAND flash memory and data transfer rate depend on crystal oscillator. The data transfer rate for USB 3.0 device is read 68MB/s and write at 46MB/s for larger files and 14MB/s and 0.3MB/s with many small files. And for USB 2.0 devices the number is smaller than USB 3.0. Flash drives are used for:

  1. Personal data transfer: Copying files from one computer to another.
  2. Booting operating systems: If there are no optical devices present then it is used fo booting live operating systems.
  3. Updating Motherboard firmware: To update BIOS
  4. Backup: Used to store personal informations

For education flash drives can be used to transfer files from teacher to students. It can be used to store schoolwork. It can be alternative method to access files to use of a network. It is handy for copying class notes from interactive whiteboards.


Connecting a flash drive to a computer:

  1. Connect the device to the computer and wait for the installation to complete.
  2. An autoplay window will appear after installation where we click on Open folders to view files.
  3. Navigate through the pendrive according to your need.
  4. After the use of flash drive it needs to be safely removed form the computer.
  5. Right click the safely remove hardware iocn present in the bottom right corner of the window. (If we hover over the icons safely remove hardware text will appear)
  6. Click on the device you want to remove.
  7. Now it is safe to remove the device.

We will use for multimedia class:


  1. Connect to
  2. Create the account by clicking register button at the center of the top of the screen.
  3. Fill the form with appropriate credential and click register. ( if you already a member then login to the site)
  4. Choose your school from drop down (if the school is not listed then click the link of the side and write the name of your school)
  5. Choose the class and subject you want to teach. Class and subjects are provided at the top of the screen below orange and blue button.
  6. Select the lesson you want to teach then select the note you need.
  7. Below the title of the note there are options for note, things to remember, videos, exercise and quiz.
  8. First teach through the note. Explain the points.
  9. Then show the relevent video from the video tab
  10. Take instant exam with quiz tab.
  11. Then give then classwork and homework through exercise tab
  12. Then at last before leaving the class revise the lesson through Things to remember.

There are other sources to teach such as,

Very Short Questions

  • Which one of the following is not used to teach in classroom?

    smart board
    smart TV
    mart watch
  • _________ are used to prject an image in the whiteboard.

    smart board
  • The best way to teach students in to _________.

    teach them by showing and do it practically
    make notes
    read extra materials
    let them read book
  • Cables used by projectors are

    All of these
  • Digital camera uses _______ and ______.

    light and electronics
    focus and point representation
    sound and aperture
    light and negative
  • The technology used by digital cameras are ________ and _________.

    CSD and COMS
    CCD and CMOS
    DVI and VCR
    SSD and VLSI
  • Using digital camera enables us to ________.

    take pictures and never to look at
    record movies and publish it for lots of money
    click pictures and share with the world
    none of these
  • Flash drive is useful for us except:

    Updating motherboard firmware
    Disposing of data securely
    Personal data transfer
    Booting operating system
  • You scored /8

    Take test again

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