Any action can be accomplished if many people contribute to achieving the desired results. We, human beings are called social animals as we live in a society or a group. The main purpose of living together in a group was to fulfill one’s needs and demands. A single person cannot do all work by oneself, he cannot make clothes for himself, farm and fulfill all other basic needs for himself. So when the society started to develop people started to split their works and specialize in a particular area. Therefore, by this, we can understand that people need to work in a group to fulfill their needs and demands.
But there exist individualism as well in the world. By this, we understand that there is a difference in the nature, attitude, and perception of people. An American person has a different perception to that of a Japanese. This often causes difficulty for people to work together as a single unit moving in the same direction. Hence, management is the task of achieving the desired goals and objectives through the coordination of the involved manpower and resources.
Management can be simply understood as “manage-men”. So, management is managing the human resources in the most effective and efficient manner.
While some people may say that the task of managing people seems to be easy, many struggles when they are given an opportunity to manage people and resources. It is quite complex due to the unpredictable nature of human beings. If two people are put into the same situation, one might act differently than the other. This makes predicting the response difficult. So, management is a complicated and challenging activity.
Management has been defined in various ways by various writers from a different point of view. Some have defined management as a process to manage people while some argue management is a group of people who control other’s activities. Others say management is a discipline just like economics and mathematics. However, management can be defined as:
Some of the famous definitions are given below:
“Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, activating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of human beings and other resources.” - George R. Terry
“Management is the art and science of decision making and leadership.” - Donald J. Clough
“Management is a multi-purpose organ that manages a business, manages a manager and manages workers and work.” - P. Drucker
(Sharma, Surendra Raj; Jha, Surendra Kumar: pg- 4-5)
In the above definitions, we can see that management has three key jobs.
So, even if one is omitted then there cannot be efficiency in the work and the desired output might not be achieved. Therefore, a manager should be capable enough to balance and harmonize all three main functions of management.
We have seen that management can be defined in various ways when they are viewed from different perspectives. However, the general idea of management is a process of getting things done through the manpower to attain organizational goals and objectives.
There are some important features that can be found in management. Some are:
(Neupane Surendra; Parajuli, Ram Prasad; Jha, Deepak Kumar; Chhetri, Tuk Bahadur; Dulal, Gopal Prasad Pg-7-10)
Hence, these are some of the important characteristics of management. Management is also a continuous function of an organization that has a life span equal to the lifespan of the organization.
Neupane Surendra; Parajuli, Ram Prasad; Jha, Deepak Kumar; Chhetri, Tuk Bahadur; Dulal, Gopal Prasad; "Business Studies class: XII." Kathmandu: Nawakala Publications, 2011. 28-40.
Sharma, Surendra Raj; Jha, Surendra Kumar; "Business Studies Grade XII." Sukunda Pustak Bhawan, 2011 A.D. 31-40.
Shrestha, Kul Narsingh. "Business Organization and Management ." Kathmandu: Nabin Prakashan, 2065 B.S. 30-46.
Management can be simply understood as “manage-men”. So management is managing the human resources in the most effective and efficient way. Management is the art of getting things done through the people effectively and efficiently. Management is very important for an organization. Without management, the organization cannot achieve particular goal. Management has been defined in various ways by various writers from a different point of views. Some of them are as follows:
“Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, activating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of human beings and other resources”-George R. Terry
“Management is the art and science of decision making and leadership”-Donald J. Clough
The main function of management is not to do things but to get things done through others. Management is very important for an organization. There must be systematic and proper management in an organization.
Some of the major characteristics of management are as follows: