In every country, there is a written law of a nation, which is called as a constitution. It is the fundamental part of the country, which makes and implements the law in the nation. A country runs its administrative works on the basis of constitutional law. The constitution is the written legal document, which has a law of the nation. Citizens and government operate under the law of a nation. So, the constitution is the main part of the country. The political parties and government, who govern the nation, determine the constitution of a country. Thus, it is called as "Mirror of the country". It is essential for the preservation of people’s rights and justice, to fulfill the wish of the people and to direct the nation to a specific goal. It helps people to give better and easy facility for the comfort life. It also works for the development of a nation.
The present constitution of our country is made in Asoj 3, 2072 B.S, which is the seventh constitution of Nepal. It is made by eight political parties Nepal has given some of the provision of rights to its citizens, which is fundamental right alright. Some fundamental rights are as follow:
Nepal is a federal state, which means there will be no unitary structure. Being a secular state everybody has right to religion as they want. There is a clear provision of the formation, power, and function of legislative, executive and judiciary. They jointly work for the development of a nation. So our country is the democratic country.
According to the present constitution, a president is the head of the nation. He runs the nation by cooperating with different constitutional organ. Some of them are as follow:
The following are the features of an ideal constitution:
There are two types of constitution in Nepal, they are as follow:
Constitution is called the main law of the country because it makes the rule and regulation of the country and also makes the structure of the government.
The two features of the present constitution are as follow:
Right to freedom is ______ right.
Election commission is constitutional ______ .
Mirror of the country is ______.
______ is excutive of a nation.
The basic rights given to a citizen is known as ______ rights.