Please scroll down to get to the study materials.
About 5,000 years ago a civilization developed in a country named Egypt, a northern part of Africa. That
civilization is called the Nile Valley civilization or the Egyptiancivilization. Like the Indus Valley civilization, this civilization also developed on the bank of the Nile river. It is the oldest civilization of the world.
The Nile Valley civilization is also called the civilization of pyramid. A pyramid is a structure having a rectangular base and four triangular faces culminating in a single apex. It was used a tomb. There are still 30 pyramids in the Egypt. The Giza pyramid is the largest pyramid which was built about 4500 years ago which have the height of 143 metres covering 13 acres of land. It was built by the Khufu, the king of Egypt. In ancient Egypta king was called 'Pharaoh'. A hundred thousand workers worked for 20 years to built this pyramid.
The Egyptians made many temples. The Karnak temple strikes the attention of all. It has 130 pillars inside the temple. They are 60 metres deep made by cutting the rock. On its entrance, there are four big statues of 20 metres high. This temple is called the Sun temple.
The Egyptians made progress in several fields. They developed writing and there were engineers and doctors in Egypt. It was the engineers of Egypt who made the pyramids and temples. They surveyed the land and made dams and canals. The Egyptian doctors were familiar with the anatomy and of the human body. They used herbs and roots for treatments. The system of calendar was also started from Egypt. The Egyptians studied the stars and prepared the calendar.
The Egyptian society was divided into three classes. The upper class which consisted of King, the royal family, aristocrats, priests and soldiers. The middle class consisted of traders and craftsmen. Those who were defeated and arrested in war were made slaves. The slaves were known as lower class.
The Egyptians were pantheists. They believed in many gods who controlled nature. They worshipped sun, river, wind, the moon, etc. They believed in the reincarnation (rebirth) and immortality of soul. So, they kept the dead body safe by constructing pyramids. The huge pyramids is for royal family, kings and for rich peoples whereas small pyramid is for poor peoples.
The main occupation of the people of Egypt was Agriculture. The Nile river brought flood-washed soil
which was very fertile and helped to grow varietis of crops. So, Egypt is called the 'Gift of the Nile'. The people of Egypt irrigate wheat, barley, pea, potato, etc. They also did the jobs of smiths, carpentry, metal-craft, weaving, clay works, etc. They exported mainly wheat, linen and golden ornaments. They imported ostrich feathers, metal weapons, wood and silver. Trade is well grown in Egypt.
Nile valley civilization was developed in about 5000 years ago. It was developed in the northern part of African country i.e Egypt.
Nile valley civilization is called the civilization of pyramid. This is because this civilization includes the construction of the most number of pyramids. The world's biggest Giza pyramid was also built at that time and it is still exist and regarded as the seventh wonder of the world.
Pyramid is a structure having a rectangular base and four triangular faces culminating in a single apex. Egyptians construct it to use it as a tomb. So that, they can keep the dead bodies inside it and the soul remains immortal.
Although the Egyptians made various temples but one of the most important temple was Karnak temple. It strikes the attention of all. It has 130 pillars inside the temple. Each pillar is 60 metres deep made by cutting the rock. On its entrance, there are four big statues of 20 metres high. This temple is also called the Sun temple.
The Nile Valley civilization is also called the _____ of pyramid.
The Giza pyramid was built by King _____.
The Egyptians used herbs and _____ for treatment.
Those who were arrested and defeated in war made the _____.
Egypt is called the _____ of Nile.
The slaves are regarded as the _____.
The Egyptians society was divided into _____ classes.
Giza is known as the _____ wonders of the world.
Karnak temple has the _____ pillars inside it.
There are _____ big statues of 20 metres high in Karnak temple.