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All the living beings of the world are divided into various groups depending upon their similarities and characteristics. like appearance, reproduction, mobility, It makes easy to study about the organisms. We cannot study about the organisms separately, it is very difficult. They are arranged into different groups on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities. The arrangement of living organisms into different groups is known as a classification of living organisms. CarolosLinnaeus divided the world of living organisms into two kingdoms: animal kingdom and plant kingdom.
Taxonomy is the branch of science that deals with identification, nomenclature and classification of the living organisms. It is derived from two greek words- taxis means classification and nomos mean law. It is the science of naming, describing and classifying all the living organisms of the world.
The arrangement of organisms into groups based on particular characters is called classification. There are 7 levels of classification of living organisms: Kingdom, Phylum, Classes, Order, Families, Genus, and Species.
The process of giving scientific names to plants and animals is called nomenclature. Linnaeus is known as the father of nomenclature as he was the first person to assign the generic name (first name) and the specific name (second name) to the plants and animals. The system of assigning two names, first generic name and second specific name in Latin to an organism is called binomial system of nomenclature. The generic and specific names should be underlined when written by hand and given in italics when printed. The group of closely related species is known as Genus. For example, dog, jackal, wolf are placed in the same genus. Species includes a group of individuals which resemble one another in all essential morphological and reproductive characters. Some of the examples are given below in table:
|Common name||Generic name||Specific name|
Classification of organisms helps us in following ways:
The arrangement of organism into groups based on the particular character is called classification. It is necessary for any organisms because:
a) It supports in favor of evolution.
b) It takes short period for better understanding of an organism.
c) It makes the study of organism easy and scientific.
d) It helps in understanding the similarities of a group of organisms.
Binomial system of nomenclature means giving two names for each organism. The first represents generic name and second represents specific name. This way of naming is known as binomial system of nomenclature.
The group od closely related species is known as genus. For example dog , jackle , wolf are in same genus.
The process of giving scientific names to plants and animals is called nomenclature. For example: scientific name of pea is pissium savitum.
Which of the kingdom viruses are assigned to?
A group of organisms at any particular level in a classification system is called ______.
none of the above
The process of giving scientific names to plants and animals is called _______.
all of these
______ is a Importance of classification.
All of the answers are correct
It makes the study of organisms easier and scientific
shows natural relationship of organisms
provides support in favor of evolution