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Chemical Properties of Carbon and It's Compounds

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Some of the chemical properties of carbon are given below,

Combustion: When carbon burns in the excessive amount of oxygen, it yields carbon dioxide. But, insufficient oxygen gives carbon monoxide.
C + O2 → CO2
2C + O2 → 2CO2

Reducing nature: Carbon is used as reducing less reactive metal oxides like oxide and zinc oxide to their corresponding metals.
PbO+ C → Pb + CO

Reaction with steam: (Formation of water gas) When carbon is heated with steam at about 900 - 10000 C, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen is produced.
900 - 1000 °C
C + H2O → CO + H2

This mixture of carbon monoxide and water is called water gas.

Reaction with metal: When carbon reacts with metal, Carbide is formed.
2C + Ca → CaC2 (Calcium carbide)

Reaction with lime: When carbon reacts with lime they react together to give calcium carbide.
3C + CaO → CaC2 + CO

Organic and inorganic compounds

It was 1828 AD that the German Chemist Friedrich Wohler prepared an organic compound i.e. urea by heating ammonium cyanate and disapproved the concept of vital force theory.
NH4CNO → NH2 - CO - NH2 (urea)

The branch of chemistry concerned with the compounds of carbon is termed as organic chemistry. Organic compounds are the compounds whose molecules contain carbon. Some of the examples of organic compounds are methane, ethane, wax, kerosene, alcohol, sugar, urea, esters etc. The substances derived from minerals are called inorganic compounds. The branch of chemistry concerned with inorganic compounds other than carbon is called inorganic chemistry. Some of the examples of inorganic compounds are hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride, sulphuric acid, potassium hydroxide, etc. Some simple carbon compounds are considered as inorganic compounds. Such compounds are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbonates and bicarbonates of metals.

Difference between organic and inorganic compounds

Organic compounds Inorganic compounds
They are mostly insoluble in water. They are mostly soluble in water.
They are soluble in organic solvents like wax and petrol. They are insoluble in organic solvents like wax and petrol.
They burn easily. They do not burn easily.
They are covalent compounds. They are usually electrovalent compounds and sometimes covalent compounds.
Their composition is complex. Their composition is simple.
They have low melting and boiling point. They have high melting and boiling point.



  • When carbon burns in excessive amount of oxygen, it yields carbon dioxide.
  • Carbon is used as reducing less reactive metal oxides like oxide and zinc oxide to their corresponding metals.
  • The branch of chemistry concerned with the compounds of carbon is termed as organic chemistry.
  • The substances derived from minerals are called inorganic compounds.
  • The branch of chemistry concerned with inorganic compounds other than carbon is called inorganic chemistry.
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Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

The chemical compounds which are obtained from living organisms and contain carbon as one of the elements are called organic compounds.

The branch of chemistry which deals with all other elements except carbon and their compound is defined as inorganic chemistry.

According to vital force theory, formation of organic compounds takes place only under the influence of some which is present in the living organism only.

The differences between organic and inorganic compounds are as follows:

Organic compounds

Inorganic compounds

They contain carbon atom in their molecule.

They do not contain carbon atom in their molecule.

They are formed by covalent bonding.

They are formed by electrovalent bonding.

They have low melting and boiling point.

They have high melting and boiling point.

They do not give ions in water.

They give opposite ions in water.

Carbon reacts with water vapor to give water gas (It is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas).



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  • Which compound shows double bonding between two carbons?

    C2H2
    C2H4
    C2H6
    CH4
  • What happens in triple bonding?

    Two carbon are bonded by 3 carbon each
    Two carbon are bonded by 3 hydrogen each
    One carbon gets bonded by 3 hydrogen each
    Two Carbon share three electron each
  • What is correct representation of reaction between carbon and Sodium oxides?

    2NaO + 2C ----> 2Na + 2CO
    NaO + C ----> Na + CO
    Na2O + C --------> NaC + O2
    Na2O + C -----> 2Na + CO
  • Which reaction disproved vital force theory?

    Ammonium cyanate and potassium chloride reacted to produce organic compound Urea
    Ammonium potash and Chlorine cyanate reacted to produce organic compound Urea
    Ammonium chloride and potassium cyanate reacted to produce organic compound Urine
    Ammonium chloride and potassium cyanate reacted to produce organic compound Urea
  • The branch of chemistry concerned with inorganic compounds other than carbon is called

    carbonless chemistry
    inorganic chemistry
    Substitution  chemistry
    organic chemistry
  • Which is true about organic and inorganic compounds?

    Organic compounds have low melting point
    Organic compounds are formed by electrovalent bonding
    Inorganic compounds dissolve in alcohol
    Organic compounds are dissolve in water
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How it is form


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Sushil subedi

What is reduction reaction


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anmol

Ask any queries on this note.why diamond is non conductor of electricity but graphite conducts it??


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rajani lawaju

why carbon is used for making lubricants?


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