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Major tourism products of Nepal

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Major tourism products of Nepal

Natural and cultural resources of Nepal

Nepal is the country of nature and culture. There are various natural and cultural resources that we can sell to tourist. Natural resources include mountains, rivers, flora and fauna etc. Out of fourteen 8000 meters above peaks eight of them, including highest peak in the world. Mount Everest lies in Nepal. Other seven are namely Kanchenjunga (8,586), Lhotse (8,516), Makalu (8,463), Cho Oyu (8,201), Dhaulagiri (8,167), Manaslu (8,163), and Annapurna (8,091). At foot of the Himalayan Mountains, Nepal is blessed with an amazing diversity of rivers. Simply put, we live in a white water enthusiast’s paradise with an awesome variety of white water rafting adventures to tempt any type of traveler. Nepal has some of the top rafting rivers in the world. Due to the fact that Himalayas are very young mountains, the thrill is more, as the rivers are steeper and are changing every year. The major rivers of rafting are Trishuli river, Kali gandaki, Bhote koshi, Marshyandi, Karnali, Sunkoshi, Arun, Bheri, Seti, Tama koshi.

Nepal is not only the land of mountains; it is also the land of culture and festivals. Cultural tourism is also one of the major tourism products. This country is famous for its unity in diversity, in language and lifestyle, caste and religious. Different religious sites can be found here like Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath stupa and Bouddha nath stupa. Festivals also differ from one caste to another like Dashain, Tihar, Loshar, etc. similarly some of the tourist comes to Nepal to observe the lifestyle and peaceful environment created by Nepal and its culture.

(About Us: wikipedia . org, 2007)(NCTTM, 2014)

Tourism geography of Nepal

Geographical understanding of Nepal from tourism perspective has helped to attract many tourists from all over the world. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of cancer. Nepal’s ecological zone run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of kechana kalan in Jhapa (60 m). As we go from south to north or east to west, we experience varieties of culture, tradition, language, caste, and communities of people. It is due to geographical difference of the country. Many of the tourists enjoy the culture and tradition and want to learn many new languages that differ in Nepal. Nepal’s climate is normally moderate that means it is neither too hot nor too cold. It is suitable to visit Nepal in any of the season for tourist. There are also varieties of flora and fauna located in various regions i.e. Terai region, Hilly region, Himalayan region of Nepal. Many of the rare animals like red panda, musk deer, Himalayan thar, etc can be found here. Despite, Nepal’s geography in the perspective of tourism is exciting, it can be effectively developed to attract more tourist.

(About Us: wikipedia . org, 2007)(NCTTM, 2014)

Natural and cultural resources: Himalayan region, Mid-hilly region, and Terai region.

The Himalayas (above 3000 m ) comprises mountains, alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree line and the snow line. Eight of the 14 eight- Thousanders Mountains lies in this region. The inner himalayan valleys are mustang and dolpa. The major religion of this region is Buddhism. The famous Gosaikunda lake falls in this region. The numerous caves around Lo Manthang in Mustang include Luri and Tashi Kabum which house ancient murals and chhortens dating back to the 13th century.

There are also many coniferous trees and numerous other vegetation of plant in the hilly region of Nepal. The city of temple i.e. Kathmandu is located in this region. Various valleys such as Kathmandu, pokhara, dharan, etc is situated here. A large number of seasonal streams, mostly originating in siwaliks, flow across the hilly region. This region serves the most dedicated and exciting climate, which is neither cold as Himalayan nor too hot as terai. The major religion of this region is Hinduism, and Buddhism.

The terai region occupies about 17% of the total land area of the country. Kechana kalan, the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 60m, lies in Jhapa district of the eastern terai. Bhabar belt covered with Char kose Jhadi forests known for rich wildlife. People of terai region mostly follow Hinduism religion. People of caste bahun, chhetri, newar, satar, chantyal, etc. mostly reside here. People celebrate many festivals but major festivals are chhat, dashain, tihar, holi, maghi, rakshya bandhan etc.

(NCTTM, 2014)(About Us: wikipedia . org, 2007)

National parks, Wildlife reserve and Conservation Areas of Nepal

Nepal has established a network of protected areas of different categories. Protected areas can be classified into national parks, wildlife reserve and conservation areas.

There are total ten national parks in Nepal among which two of them i.e. chitwan national park and sagarmatha nati.onal park is enlisted in world heritage sites of UNESCO. The Shey Phoksundo National Park is the largest national park in Nepal. It was established in 1984 and covers an area of 3,555 km2 in the districts of Dolpa and Mugu in the Mid-Western Region.

Wildlife reserve also falls under the protected areas category. There are total three wildlife reserves in Nepal. They are Parsa Wildlife Reserve (637 km2), Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (175 km2), Shuklaphata Wildlife Reserve (305 km2). They provide series of activities which includes bird watching, game viewing, jungle safari on elephant back, jungle walk, jeep drive etc. Vegetation includes deciduous riverrine forests sal forest sissoo cotton, and mostly sub-tropical jungle. Various birds including the endangered great hornbill can be found in parsa wildlife reserve.

Conservation areas are those which receive protection due to their known natural, ecological and/or cultural values. There are total six conservation areas in Nepal. They are: Annapurna conservation area (7,629 km2), Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2,035 km2), Manaslu Conservation Area (1,663 km2), Blackbuck Conservation Area (15.65 km2), Api Nampa Conservation Area (1,903 km2), Gaurishankar Conservation Area (2,179 km2). Among these Annapurna Conservation Area is the largest. Various types of wildlife like endangered snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, Musk deer, etc. can also be found.

(About Us: wikipedia . org, 2007)(NCTTM, 2014)

Other attraction of Nepal, including new products of tourism magnitude.

Trekking is also considered as the attraction of Nepal. The most popular trekking routes have traditionally been the Everest, Annapurna and Langtang regions. There are two types of trekking i.e. Teahouse trekking and Camping Trekking.

Nepali cuisine is also considered as the attraction. Recipes from Nepalese cuisine can be relatively simple and the flavors subtle. The country’s cultural and geographical diversity provides ample space for a variety of cuisines based on ethnicity and on soil. Nevertheless, dal-bhat-tarkari is eaten throughout the country.

Agro tourism can also be taken as the attraction of Nepal. Many tourist actually enjoys agro-tourism. Agro-tourism is the agriculture related tourism. Some of the popular agro-tourism that tourist can do in Nepal are: Wild Bee honey hunting, bee farming etc.

Under emerging tourism product there are various of activities. The Great Himalayan Trail (GHT) is more than a line on a map; it is a way to enjoy Himalaya while helping the people who live there. Cannoning also is the most emerging tourism product. Cannoning is travelling in canyons using varieties of techniques that includes all outdoor activities such as walking, hiking, sliding, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling, and swimming. Some of other emerging tourism product are: Parahawking, Zip line, Skydive, etc.

(NCTTM, 2014)(About Us: wikipedia . org, 2007)

Works Cited

About Us: wikipedia . org. (2007, janurary 1). Retrieved 08 tuesday, 2016, from wikipedia: http://www.wikipedia.org

(2014). course material of tourism in nepal. In c. NCTTM, tourism in nepal (pp. 80-85). kathmandu: sushant marasini.



<!-- [if !supportLists]-->1.   <!--[endif]-->Nepal’s ecological zone run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->2.   <!--[endif]-->Out of fourteen 8000 meters above peaks eight of them, including highest peak in the world. Mount Everest lies in Nepal.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->3.    <!--[endif]-->Nepal’s geography in the perspective of tourism is exciting, it can be effectively developed to attract more tourist.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->4.   <!--[endif]-->The Himalayas (above 3000 m ) comprises mountains, alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree line and the snow line.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->5.   <!--[endif]-->There are total ten national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservation areas in Nepal.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->6.   <!--[endif]-->The most popular trekking routes have traditionally been the Everest, Annapurna and Langtang regions.

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->7.   <!--[endif]-->Some of the popular agro-tourism that tourist can do in Nepal are: Wild Bee honey hunting, bee farming etc.

 

<!-- [if !supportLists]-->8.    <!--[endif]-->Some of other emerging tourism products are: Parahawking, Zip line, Skydive, etc.

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