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Wildlife Reserve and Conservation Area of Nepal

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Wildlife Reserve

Wildlife Reserves are the separate reserved area established for the protection and proper management of endangered wildlife. Here, the endangered animals are protected by conserving their habitats. In wildlife reserves, hunting, cutting down of trees and grasses, grazing, etc are not allowed. The Government of Nepal has established three wildlife reserves in Nepal. They are given below,

Source: www.skyscrapercity.com Fig: Wildlife Reserves and Conservation Area
Source: www.skyscrapercity.com
Fig: Wildlife Reserves and Conservation Area

Shukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve
Established Date: 1973 AD
Total Area: 305 km2

It is located in the Terai Region of the Far- Western Development Region. Wild animals found in this reserve includes wild elephant, tiger, hispid hare, blue bull, leopard, chital, hog deer and wild boar. Birds like Bengal floricans, Babbler, Eagle, Owl, Hornbill, Wood- peacker, Vulture, Sarus crane, Flycatcher, Painted stork, etc are found this area. Swamp deer is the main feature of this area. An estimated population of 2000 swamp deer is found in this reserve. Marsh mugger crocodile, Indian python, monitor lizard and snakes like cobra, krait and rat snake are also found in this reserve.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Source: www.nepaltrekkingpass.com Fig: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves
Source: www.nepaltrekkingpass.com
Fig: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves


Established Date: 1976 AD
Total Area: 175 km2

It is located in eastern terai of Nepal. It was designated as Ramsar site in 1987. It is surrounded by Saptakoshi river from east and west. It covers the area of Sunsari, Saptari and Udayapur districts. Its main aim is to conserve and promote the wild water buffalo. This reserve is covered by sisso and khayar, grasslands, and marshy vegetation. Wild animals includesSpotted deer, Asian Elephant, Hog deer, Wild pig, Blue bull, Water buffalo, etc. Birds like Watercock, Indian nightjar, Dusky eagle owl, Black-headed cuckoo, Grassbird, Fish eagle, Swamp francolin, etc are found in this wildlife reserve.

Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Established Date: 1984 AD
Total Area: 499 km2

Parsa Wildlife Reserve is the largest wildlife reserve in the country that is located in inner terai lowlands of south- central Nepal. It covers the area of Makawanpur, Bara, and Chitwan districts. The reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, garu, blue bull and wild dog. Other common animals are sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer etc. Birds like Giant hornbill,Peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers, etc are found in this wildlife reserve. It contains sal forest, constituting about 90% of the vegetation and grasslands.

Hunting Reserve

Source: www.buddhanepaltrek.com Fig: Dhorpatan Wildlife Reserve
Source: www.buddhanepaltrek.com
Fig: Dhorpatan Wildlife Reserve

The reserved area that is established for licensed hunting is called hunting reserve. Dhorpatan Hunting reserve is the only area in Nepal where licensed hunting is allowed. It was established in 1987 AD. It lies inRukum, Myagdi and Baglung Districts in the Dhaulagiri Himal range in West Nepal. The total area of this reserve is about 1325 km2. Common plant species found in this reserve include fir, pine, birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak,junip etc. It is one of the prime habitats for blue sheep. Other common animals found in this reserve includes leopard, goral, serow, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan black bears, barking deer, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur etc.

Conservation Area

The conservation area is the protected area which is managed on the basis of the plans for conservation of natural resources, wildlife and their habitat with sustainable development and use of natural resources. It is established with an aim to achieve sustained balance between conservation of nature and socio- economic development and to conserve religious, cultural and economic resources of the local people. The government of Nepal has established six conservation areas in different parts of the country. They are described below,

Annapurna Conservation Area
Established Date: 1992 AD
Total Area: 7629 km2

It is the largest conservation area of Nepal that is located in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas across Manag and Lamjung districts. This conservation area has become the most popular trekking destination in Nepal due to its natural and cultural feature. This conservation area is managed by the National Trust for Nature Conservation which is conducting various activities like Conservation of resources, Tourism management, Community development, Education and Extension for the conservation of this area. This area is very rich in flora and fauna. It contains 478 species of birds, 39 reptiles, 22 amphibians and 100 mammals. Various species of butterflies are also found in this area. Snow leopard, Blue ship, multi- coloured Impheyan, Koklas, Blood pheasant etc are found in this area.

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

Source: www.nepalnow.org Fig: Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (Blue ship)
Source: www.nepalnow.org
Fig: Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (Blue ship)


Established Date: 1997 AD
Total Area: 2035 km2

This conservation area is located in Taplejung district. It shares its northern border with Tibet- China and eastern border with Sikkim- India. The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and WWF Program together launched the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Project to implement biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Wild animals like snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, and red panda are found in this conservation area. Other animals in the area include the blue sheep and many others. Birds likeImpheyan pheasant, red-billed blue magpie, shy drongo etc are found in this conservation area. It is rich in ethnic diversity and culture. VariousMonasteries, chhortens, temples, etc are found in this conservation area. Plants include Gobre salla, Thingre sallo, Dhupi sallo, Himali larch and about 25 species of Rhododendron.

Manaslu Conservation Area
Established Date: 1998 AD
Total Area: 1993 km2

This conservation area is located in the Mansiri Himal range in Gorkha district. This area offers a classic setting for trekkers. This area supports29 species of mammals, including the rare snow leopard, musk deer, and the Himalayan Tahr. 20 species of birds and 3 species of reptiles are found in this conservation area. It shares its northern border with Tibet- China and western border with Annapurna Conservation Area. Mt. Manaslu is located in this conservation area. A large species of plants are found in this conservation area.

Api- Nampa Conservation Area
Established Date : 2010 AD
Total Area: 1903 km2

It is located in Far Western Development Region of Nepal. It includes 21 VDCs of Darchula district. It shares its northern border with the Tibet- China. Mahakali river lies in this conservation area. Two peaks Api and Nampa lie in this conservation area. Various types of forests and grassland including high peak medicinal herbs are also found in this conservation area.It includes birds like Himalayan monal, Snow cock, Blood pheasant, etc. are found in this conservation area. Animals found in this conservation area includes Himalayan black bear, Snow leopard, Musk deer, Ghoral, Serow, Himalayan tahr, Wolf, Clouded leopard, etc.

Gaurishankar Conservation Area
Established Date: 2010 AD
Total Area: 2179 km2

It includes two VDCs of Ramechhap, 14 VDCs of Dolakha and 6 VDCs of Sindhupalchowk districts.Wild animals in this park include the Himalayan black bear, red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, rhesus macaw and blue sheep. The birds found here include impeyan pheasant, shy drongo and red-billed blue magpie.34 species of mammals, 14 snake species, 16 species of fish, 10 types of amphibians and 8 lizard and 235 species of birds have been recorded in this conservation area. It is the river from which rivers like Khimti, Bhotekoshi, Sunkoshi and Tamakoshi takes its origin.

Krishnasar Conservation Area

Source: www.thewildlifeofindia.com Fig; Black buck
Source: www.thewildlifeofindia.com
Fig; Black buck


Established Date: 2009 AD
Total Area: 16.95 km2

It is located in Bardia District. Its main aim is to conserve the endangered Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra cervicapra). The population of krishnasar has increased to 213.



  • A separate reserved area for protection and proper management of endangered wildlife is called a wildlife reserve.
  • Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve was established in 1973 AD.
  • The total area of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is 175 km2.
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve was established in 1984 AD.
  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is the only one hunting reserve in Nepal.
  • There is six conservation area in Nepal.
  • Krishnasar Conservation Area is established with an aim of protecting Krishnasar i.e. Blackbuck.
.

Very Short Questions

The names of three wildlife reserves of Nepal are given below,

  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve

  • Wildlife Reserve: A separate reserved area for protection and proper management of endangered wildlife is called a Wildlife Reserve.
  • Hunting Reserve: The reserved area established for licensed hunting is called hunting reserve.
  • Conservation Area: The protected area which is managed according to the plans for conservation of natural resources, wildlife and their habitat, sustainable development and use of natural resources is called conservation area.

Names of any three conservation area are given below,

  • Annapurna Conservation Area
  • Manaslu Conservation Area
  • Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

  • Shukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve = 305 km2
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve = 175 km2
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve = 499 km2

  • Annapurna Conservation Area = 1992 AD
  • Kanchenjunga Conservation Area = 1997 AD
  • Api- Nampa Conservation Area = 2010 AD
  • Gaurishankar Conservation Area = 2010 AD

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  • A separate reserved area for protection and proper management of endangered wildlife is called a

    Hunting Reserve
    Conservation Area
    Wildlife Reserve
    National Park
  • How many Wildlife Reserves are there in Nepal?

    8
    5
    6
    3
  • When was Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve establishded?

    1966 AD
    1945 AD
    1973 AD
    1970 AD
  • What is the total area of Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve?

    405 km square
    507 km square
    305 km square
    417 km square
  • When was Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve established?

    1978 AD
    1966 AD
    1985 AD
    1987 AD
  • When was Parsa Wildlife Reserve established?

    1984 AD
    1967 AD
    1980 AD
    1955 AD
  • How many conservation area are there in Nepal?

    7
    5
    6
    9
  • Which animal is protected in Krishnasar Conservation Area?

    Himalayan Tahr
    Crocodile
    Black Buck
    Leopard
  • Which is the largest conservation area of Nepal?

    Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
    Api- Nampa Conservation Area
    Manaslu Conservation Area
    Annapurna Conservation Area
  • When was Kanchenjunga Conservation Area established?

    1886 AD
    1885 AD
    1993 AD
    1997 AD
  • What is the total area of Annapurna Conservation Area?

    2179 km square
    7629 km square
    5235 km square
    2035 km square
  • When was Manaslu Conservation Area established?

    1885 AD
    1993 AD
    1995 AD
    1998 AD
  • Manaslu Conservation Area is located in

    Rasuwa district
    Dolpa district
    Gorkha District
    Mugu district
  • When was Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve established?

    1975 AD
    1993 AD
    1976 AD
    1987 AD
  • How many Hunting Reserves are there in Nepal?

    2
    6
    1
    10
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