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The process of creating a clean, healthy and hygienic environment around us that is important to maintain a healthy life is called environmental sanitation. We should not pollute the environment. We should keep our environment clean and healthy. There should be proper management of animal, human and industrial waste disposal. We should control all the factors that pollute the environment like sewage, agricultural wastes, industrial wastes, insecticides, pesticides, etc. If our environment is healthy then we can easily maintain a healthy lifestyle. There are various methods of waste disposal. One of the most effective technique is the "Three'R's"- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.
We should use the things as per our needs, we should not use more than that. We should reduce the amount of waste produced by us. This helps to keep our environment clean.
There are many things around us that can be reused. This thing includes bags, bottles, tin cans, cartons, etc. Instead of throwing them, we should try to find ways to use them again. For example, by cleaning old glass jars and small pot, we can use them to store things. We can reuse our old clothes and books by donating them to charity shops. This helps to conserve the sources as well as keep the environment clean.
Many things that we use in our daily life like paper bags, soda cans, plastic wastes, metal pieces etc are made up of materials that can be recycled. We can use the materials from the old ones to produce new things. This helps to conserve the raw materials and helps to keep our environment clean. We should buy those things that can be recycled.
Human activities are responsible for the environmental pollution. So, it is the major duty of human beings to conserve the environment. There are various methods to conserve the environment like trees plantation, public participation in conservation of the environment, conservation of forest etc. Some of the important methods that can be used in local level for environmental conservation are given below,
As the population of the world is increasing day by day, the pollution is also increasing. All the countries are facing environmental pollution and its effects. So to minimise the environmental pollution, there are various national and international organisations and agencies working together to conserve the environment. There are also many national and international organisations in Nepal working for the conservation and promotion of environment. Some of them are given below,
There are various governmental agencies in Nepal working for the conservation of the environment. Some of the important governmental agencies that are working to conserve and manage the environment are given below,
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment helps in solving and managing environmental problems. It makes and implements important policies, rules, acts, plans and programs related to solving and managing environmental problems. Some of the major goals of this ministry are given below,
Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation
The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation has been established with the aim of conserving and promoting forest, soil, water resources and biodiversity of Nepal. Some of the major aims of this ministry are discussed below,
The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation has established Department of Forests for conservation, promotion, and management of all the forest areas of Nepal. It makes plans, policies, rules and regulation related to conservation and utilization of forests and implements them properly. The forests are divided into two parts by the Department of Forests. They are government forests and community forests. It also protects and conserves medicinal plants and forest products. It emphasizes on the utilization of forest products by conserving them.
The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation has also established Department of Soil and Water Conservation for the protection and conservation of soil and water resources. It prevents natural disasters such as floods, landslides, soil erosion etc. The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation works for the conservation and management of national parks, wildlife reserves, and conservation areas. It also conducts various awareness programmes for the protection and conservation of biodiversity and protection of various wild animals.
Similarly, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment and Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation plays an important role the conservation, promotion, and management of the environment.
Environmental sanitation is the creation of clean and hygienic environment around us which is essential for maintaining good health. Any three local efforts on environmental conservation are given below,
Any three major goals of Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment are given below,
Any three major functions of Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment are given below,
Any three major goals of Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation are given below,
Any two major functions of Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation are given below,