Federal Democratic Republic

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different independent states or region. Nepal is a federal democratic republic country. Nepal has become the federal democratic republic country in 15th Jestha, 2065. This note gives the information about the federal system and features of federal and features of state government.
Federal Democratic Republic

Republic

Republic is the state in which the supreme power is given to its citizens and can choose the representative of the parliament. Republic was the stated in the 18thcentury from the Western World. In the republic state, the country is ruled by its citizen. In the context of Nepal, our country is ruled by Kings about 240 years, after the long year of the people's movement, Nepal could get the republic in the country.

The Federal Democratic Republic

The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different independent states or regions. Nepal is a federal democratic republic country. Nepal has become the federal democratic republic country in 15th Jestha, 2065 but, because of various issues regarding the determination of federal units in Nepal, the federal system is not yet implemented in Nepal.

Source: www.slideshare.net Fig: Federal Democartic Republic Nepal
Source: www.slideshare.net
Fig: Federal Democratic Republic Nepal

Nepal is going to adopt the federal system of government. Being a democratic country we have no king in our country so our country also called as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. In our country, states are not separated but the political division like zones and region are created.

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Features of Federal (Central) Government

  • Foreign affairs
  • National monetary policy
  • National security and military management
  • National highway, railway, postal service
  • Big hydropower, multi-provincial project

Features of Provincial (State) Government

  • Formulate state policies and laws
  • Mobilize state security force and maintain public security
  • Carry out local development activities
  • Construct development infrastructures
  • Preserve language, art, culture and other heritage
Things to remember
  • The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different independent states or region.
  • Nepal has become the federal democratic republic country in 15th Jestha, 2065 B.S.
  •  In our country state in not separated but the political division like zones and region are created.
  • Being a democratic country we have no king in our country so our country  also called as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Federal Democratic Republic
Constitutional assembly's state division in detail
New Map of Federal Democratic Republic Of Nepal
Questions and Answers

The full name of our country is Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different independent states or region.

Republic means a state in which supreme power is held by the people. Nepal is called republic country because the government is powered by elected individual representative of citizens. 

Nepal was declared as republic country in 15th Jestha, 2065 B.S.

The difference between monarchy and republic are given below:

Monarchy  Republic 
It is a form of governance reigned by a king, queen or an emperor. It is a form of government in which the people or their elected representatives possess the supreme power.
The crown is passed from one generation to another. The government is elected by the people.
Freedom of people is oppressed by the monarch. Right to freedom is given to the people.
The king makes law in an absolute monarchy. The government makes the law for the people.
There is no equality among the people in a monarchy. All the citizens are treated as equals.

 

Democracy is the government ruled by the people, for the people, of the people. Nepal is called a democratic country because the government is ruled by the people and our country has adopted the federal republic system.

States are formed on the basis of race and language, historical importance, geographical division and available resources etc.

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