Social life of Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Nepal is a home land of several ethnical groups it has common social family structure. The life style of Nepalese people differs from Terai to Himalayan region. Himalayan region is always covered with snow. The southern part of this region is less cold. The climate of this region is cold, dry and windy. The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west. It has high hills and rocks. The terai region lies in the southern part of the country. Many people live in this region due to the plain land and fertile soil. The people also rear cattle which provide them with milk, cheese, ghee, eggs, and meat. People of this region speak Tharu, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Avadi, etc.
Social life of Nepal

Our Country Nepal has different altitude and climate. The lifestyle of Nepalese people differs from Terai to the Himalayan region. Every ethnic group has their own unique costumes, speak their own languages, and follow their own religious practices. They live under different diverse geographic from the low plains to high mountains.

The Himalayan region

Source:www.adventurenation.com Fig:
Source:www.adventurenation.com
Fig:The Himalayan region

This Himalayan region is always covered with snow. The southern part of this region is less cold. The climate of this region is cold, dry and windy. Sherpas, Bhotias, Thakalis live here. They wear thick woolen clothes called Bhakkhu, Pangden and Knee-high thick shoes called Docha. The people in this region eat ‘Dhindo’ (a pudding- like food made from maize or millet), bread, potato, and meat. They live in a house made up of stone and clay. They also have a special type of sea which is prepared from tea leaves, salt, and ghee. The people work hard and eat a lot and they rarely fall ill. The people are quite strong and healthy. Health center and health posts are also established in some of the places.The main occupation of Himalayan people is animal husbandry. They follow Buddhism. They celebrate the Lhosar festival which falls in Magh. They visit one another’s houses during festivals.

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The Hilly region

Source:www.furusatohimalayan.com Fig:
Source:www.furusatohimalayan.com Fig:The Hilly region

The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west. It has high hills and rocks. The climate is moderate in this region. Rice is the main food of the people of this region. Some people also eat bread. They eat meat, eggs, milk, curd, butter, ghee, etc. which they get from domestic animals. People of various ethic groups live here. They are Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung and Chepang groups as well as other groups live in this areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar and Thakuris and different occupational groups Kami, Damai Sarki, are spread over most parts of the country. In the village men wear Daura Suruwal, Coat, Dhaka Topi, Patuka, Bhoto and Kachhad. Women wear Guneu-cholo, Majetro, Sari, Hakupatasi and Ghalek. Most of the houses in this region are made of stone and clay, with thatched roofs. In the town areas, multi-storey buildings are also seen. The main occupation of this region is agriculture. The major festivals of this region are Dashain, Tihar, Lhosar, Udhauli, Ubhauli etc. Similarly, people of Kathmandu and pokhara celebrate various jatras throughout the Country.

The Terai region

Source:www.kullabs.com Fig:
Source:www.kullabs.com
Fig:The Terai region

The terai region lies in the southern part of the country. Many people live in this region due to the plain land and fertile soil. The eastern part of terai receives more rainfall than the western part. So, It is affected by floods during the rainy season. Terai has a hot climate. So, the people wear light cotton dresses. Most of the male members are seen in lungis in villages. In the town area, men wear pants and shirts and women wear saris and blouses. Rice and bread are the main food of the people of this region. The people also rear cattle which provide them with milk, cheese, ghee, eggs, and meat. People of this region speak Tharu, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Avadi, etc. The Mithila groups of terai are popular for their authentic traditional arts and paintings. The houses are made of mud and clay and have thatched roofs supported by bamboo or wooden poles. People celebrate Chhat, Holi, Maghi, Siruwa, Id etc. A large number of people of mountain and hill region are found in terai due to the better opportunity for the people.

Things to remember
  • This Himalayan region is always covered with snow. The southern part of this region is less cold.
  • The climate of this region is cold, dry and windy.
  • The people work hard and eat a lot and they rarely fall ill. The people are quite strong and healthy.
  • They follow Buddhism. They celebrate the Lhosar festival which falls in Magh.
  • The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west. It has high hills and rocks.
  • The major festivals of this region are Dashain, Tihar, Lhosar, Udhauli, Ubhauli etc. 
  • People of Kathmandu and pokhara celebrate various jatras throughout the Country.
  • The terai region lies in the southern part of the country. Many people live in this region due to the plain land and fertile soil.
  • People of this region speak Tharu, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Avadi, etc.
  • The Mithila groups of terai are popular for their authentic traditional arts and paintings.
  • People celebrate Chhat, Holi, Maghi, Siruwa, Id etc.
  • The large number of people of mountain and hill region are found in terai due to the better opportunity for the people
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

The climate of the Himalayan region is cold, dry and windy.

The people of Himalayan region  work hard and eat a lot and they rarely fall ill. The people are quite strong and healthy. Health centre and health posts are also established in some of the places.

This Himalayan region is always covered with snow. The southern part of this region is less cold. The climate of this region is cold, dry and windy. Sherpas, Bhotias, Thakalis live here. They wear thick woolen clothes called Bhakkhu, Pangden and Knee-high thick shoes called Docha. The people in this region eat ‘Dhindo’ (a pudding- like food made from maize or millet), bread, potato, diary products and meat. They live in a house made up of stone and clay. They also have a special type of sea which is prepared from tea-leaves, salt and ghee. The people work hard and eat a lot and they rarely fall ill. The people are quite strong and healthy. Health centre and health posts are also established in some of the places.The main occupation of himalayan people is animal husbandry. They follow Buddhism. They celebrate the Lhosar festival which falls in Magh. They visit one another’s houses during festivals.

 

The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west.

People of various ethic groups live in the Hilly region. They are Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung and Chepang groups as well as other groups live in this areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar and Thakuris and different occupational groups Kami, Damai Sarki, are spread over most parts of the country.

The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west. It has high hills and rocks. Rice is the main food of the people of this region. Some people also eat bread. They eat meat, eggs, milk, curd, butter, ghee, etc. which they get from domestic animals. People of various ethic groups live here. They are Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung and Chepang groups as well as other groups live in this areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar and Thakuris and different occupational groups Kami, Damai Sarki, are spread over most parts of the country. In the village men wear Daura Suruwal, Coat, Dhaka Topi, Patuka, Bhoto and Kachhad. Women wear Guneu-cholo, Majetro, Sari, Hakupatasi and Ghalek. Most of the houses in this region are made of stone and clay, with thatched roofs. In the town areas, multi-storey buildings are also seen. The main occupation of this region is agriculture. The major festivals of this region are Dashain, Tihar, Lhosar, Udhauli, Ubhauli etc. Similarly, people of Kathmandu and pokhara celebrate various jatras throughout the Country.

The people of Hilly region celebrate  festivals like Dashain,Tihar, Lhosar, Udhauli, Ubhauli etc. Similarly, people of Kathmandu and pokhara celebrate various jatras throughout the Country.

Many people live in the Terai region due to the plain land and fertile soil.

In the Terai region, most of the male members are seen in lungis in villages. In the town area, men wear pants and shirts and women wear saris and blouses.

The terai region lies in the southern part of the country. Many people live in this region due to the plain land and fertile soil. The eastern part of terai receives more rainfall than the western part. So, It is affected by floods during the rainy season. Terai has a hot climate. So, the people wear light cotton dresses. Most of the male members are seen in lungis in villages. In the town area, men wear pants and shirts and women wear saris and blouses. Rice and bread are the main food of the people of this region. The people also rear cattle which provide them with milk, cheese, ghee, eggs, and meat. People of this region speak Tharu, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Avadi, etc. The Mithila groups of terai are popular for their authentic traditional arts and paintings. The houses are made of mud and clay and have thatched roofs supported by bamboo or wooden poles. People celebrate Chhat, Holi, Maghi, Siruwa, Id etc. The large number of people of mountain and hill region are found in terai due to the better opportunity for the people.

People of this region speak Tharu, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Avadi, etc. They also speak Nepali our national language too.  The Mithila groups of terai are popular for their authentic traditional arts and paintings.

The large number of people of mountain and hill region are migrate  in terai due to the fertile soil for Cultivation and  to find  better opportunity for the people.

Most of the people of Himalayan region are Buddhist. They follow Buddhism. They celebrate the Lhosar festival which falls in Magh. They visit one another’s houses during festivals.

 

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