Our Cultural Heritage

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Culture is 'the way of life for an entire society'.Culture includes language, dress, traditional practice, literature, religion, dances, belief and others. These aspects are the assets of the society. Culture is linked with the human and social development activities. Cultural heritages plays a vital role to introduce a country in an international area. Our Country Nepal is rich in Culture.
Our Cultural Heritage

As we know that Nepal is blessed with a rich cultural heritage. Culture is 'the way of life for an entire society'. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times. Several types of dresses, ornaments, folk music, folk dances, Sculptures, etc are practiced here. Some of the cultural heritages are given below:

Culture of the country

Culture in Nepal refers to the music, architecture, religion, and literature. The land is rich with unique cultural groups like Tharu,Yadav, Magar, Gurung, Limbu, Newars and others.The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times. The people speak different languages.

Traditional Dresses/ Costumes

www.pinterest.com
Source:www.pinterest.com
Fig:Traditional Dresses

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Our country is also rich in the traditional dresses. The traditional dresses of Nepalese people are different according to the difference in caste, race, and geographical location.Costumes of Nepal are most beautiful and meaningful. People of the mountain wear thick and long woolen clothes called Bakku and Docha. The people of the hilly region wearGunew, Cholo, Kachhar, Bhoto and cap. The Terai people wear Dhoti and long shirt called Kurta

Traditional Ornaments

Nepalese women wear various types of ornaments. The important ornaments worn by Nepalese women are dhungri, bulaki, kalli, fuli, tilahari, naugedi, shirbandi,Kampani mala, chandrahar, aunthi,nathuni, bichhiya,bichkini, mugamala, hasuli, cheptesunetc. Men also wear the ornaments like aunthi, Sikri and Bracelet. Few men also wear earring only in one ear.

Traditional Dances

The Traditional dances of Nepal differ according to the place and race. There are different dances practiced in different communities. Some of them are Kumari dance, Manjushree dance, Tamang selo, deuda, balan, sangini, maruni, kaura, dhannach, dhol nach, tungna, yalambar, damphu nach, Chandi nach, sabai, sakhiya, sorathi, chanchari,hadkeli nach and so on.

Folk Musical Instruments

Source:culturalheritagenepal.blogspot.com Fig:
Source:culturalheritagenepal.blogspot.com Fig:Folk Musical Instruments

The music is played from Mountain to Hill and Hill to Madesh.There are hundreds of instruments developed in Nepal. A research found that about 200 original instruments developed in Nepal. 108 types are still in play across the nation. Panchai Baja is one the famous musical instruments in Nepal. Some of the important folk musical instruments are Pancha baja, sarangi, binnayo, madal, murchunga, tungna, dhol, jhyamta, yalambar, damphu, ektare, majira, flute, damaru, etc.

Language of Nepal

Nepal is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic country. Almost all of these ethnic groups have their own languages. Nepali or Nepalese is the major language of Nepal. It is also the official language of Nepal. There are other languages too that are widely spoken in Nepal such as Newari, Bhojpuri, Awadhi and Maithali. There are also different languages spoken in Nepal. Some of them are Limbu, Magar, Tamang, Sherpa, Rai, Tharu, Newari etc.

Art and Craft of Nepal

The art of dealing with the place of dwelling is called architecture. Nepalese art is heavily inspired from Hinduism and Buddhism. The 2 millennium old Hindu and Buddhist heritage has survived various onslaughts They still influence the Nepalese art and craft tradition. Following are the various art and craft forms of Nepal.

  • Stupa or Chaitya style
    There are different Stupas and Chaityas are found in Nepal. Maya Devi temple of Lumbini, Swayambhunath, Bouddhanath is the famous Chaityas and stupas of our country.

  • Pagoda Style
    The temple of Pashupatinath and Nyatpol of Bhaktapur is known as Pagoda style.

  • source:www.nepalguidetrek.com Fig:source:www.nepalguidetrek.com
    Fig: Pashupatinath
  • Shikhar Style
    Krishna mandir of Patan is known as the Shikar style of temple.

  • Gumbaj style/ Mugal style
    The temple of Janaki is regarded as the Gumbaj style of temple.

Typical Nepali Utensils

The different types of Nepali utensils are used in our household such as Karuwa, aamkhors, surahi, khadkula, anti, gagri, Kanchko, thal, tapke, Kachaura etc.

Typical Nepali Production

Nepali products mean a lot to the foreigners. Many goods are produced in Nepal which are not found in other parts of the world. Some of the Nepali productions are Nepali paper, Dhaka cloth, Dhaka topi, Khukuri, Sukul. gundri, radi-pakhi, doko, namlo, gundruk etc.

Sculpture (Murtikala) of our Country

The Nepalese sculptures are the collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art which is created by the Newars. They are one of Nepal’s many ethnic groups of Nepal. Making objects of different shapes, sizes, and features of metal, stone, wood, clay, glasses, etc is called Sculpture. Some of the examples of Sculpture are:

  • Stone Sculpture
    Budhanilkantha, Birupakchya is the example of Stone Sculpture.

  • Metal Sculpture
    Metal sculptures are a statue of Buddha and statue of various God and Goddesses.

  • Wood Sculpture
    The statues made of the door and other parts of the temples of Nepal are wood Sculpture.

  • Clay Sculpture
    The Statues of various god and goddessess are made by the people of terai during Dashain and Tihar.

Typical Nepali Rituals

Nepal has amazing rituals in practice like Kumari pratha, chaupadi pratha, Deukee pratha, bal bibaha, child marriage, polyandry marriage system, polygamy system. Nepal is one of the unique country in the world where different practices are still on existence. Nepalese people perform several rituals such as pasni, chhewar, bartabandha, ihin, janku, bhim, ghewa, mundan etc. Our Country Nepal is rich in rituals.

Things to remember
  • Culture is 'the way of life for an entire society'. 
  • Culture in Nepal refers to the music, architecture, religion, and literature. 
  • The traditional dresses of Nepalese people are different according to the difference in caste, race, and geographical location.
  •  . The important ornaments worn by Nepalese women are dhungri, bulaki, kalli, fuli, tilahari, naugedi, shirbandi,Kampani mala, chandrahar, aunthi,nathuni, bichhiya,bichkini, mugamala, hasuli, cheptesun etc. 
  •  The Traditional dances of Nepal differ according to the place and race.
  •  A research found that about 200 original instruments developed in Nepal.
  • Nepalese art is heavily inspired from Hinduism and Buddhism.
  •  The temple of Pashupatinath and Nyatpol of Bhaktapur is known as Pagoda style.
  • Many goods are produced in Nepal which are not found in other parts of the world.
  • Budhanilkantha, Birupakchya is the example of Stone Sculpture.
  • Nepal is one of the unique country in the world where different practices are still on existence. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Our Cultural Heritage
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Natural & Cultural Heritage of Nepal
Questions and Answers

Culture in Nepal refers to the music, architecture, religion, and literature.

People of the mountain wear thick and long woolen clothes which are their traditional dress called Bakku and Docha.

The people of  Terai  wear Dhoti and long shirt called Kurta.

The temple of Pashupatinath and Nyatpol of Bhaktapur are  known as Pagoda style.

  The process of Making objects of different shapes, sizes, and features of metal, stone, wood, clay, glasses, etc is called Sculpture.

The important ornaments worn by Nepalese women are dhungri, bulaki, kalli, fuli, tilahari, naugedi, shirbandi,Kampani mala, chandrahar, aunthi,nathuni, bichhiya,bichkini, mugamala, hasuli, yarling,  cheptesun etc.

The important folk musical instruments of Nepal  are Pancha baja, sarangi, binnayo, madal, murchunga, tungna, dhol, jhyamta, yalambar, damphu, ektare, majira, flute, damaru, etc.

Our Nepalese art is heavily inspired by Hinduism and Buddhism. The 2 millennium old Hindu and Buddhist heritage has survived various onslaughts They still influence the Nepalese art and craft tradition.

The Following are the various art and craft forms of Nepal.

a. Stupa or Chaitya style

There are different Stupas and Chaityas are found in Nepal. Maya Devi temple of Lumbini, Swayambhunath, Bouddhanath is the famous Chaityas and stupas of our Country.

b. Pagoda Style

The temple of Pashupatinath and Nyatpol of Bhaktapur is known as Pagoda style.

c. Shikhar Style

Krishna mandir of Patan is known as the Shikar style of the temple.

d. Gumbaj style/ Mughal style

The temple of Janaki is regarded as the Gumbaj style of temple.

Many goods are produced in Nepal which is not found in other parts of the world. Some of the Nepali productions are Nepali paper, Dhaka cloth, Dhaka topi, Khukuri, Sukul. gundri, radi-pakhi, doko, namlo, gundruk etc.

Some of the examples of Sculpture are:

Stone Sculpture

Budhanilkantha, Birupakchya is the example of Stone Sculpture.

Metal Sculpture

Metal sculptures are a statue of Buddha and statues of various God and Goddesses.

Wood Sculpture

The statues made of the door and other parts of the temples of Nepal are wood Sculpture.

Nepal has amazing rituals practiced in the society. Some of them are  Kumari pratha, chaupadi pratha, Deukee pratha, bal bibaha, child marriage, polyandry marriage system, polygamy system. Nepal is one of the unique country in the world where different practices are still in existence. Nepalese people perform several rituals such as pasni, chhewar, bartabandha, ihin, janku, bhim, ghewa, mundan etc. Our Country Nepal is rich in rituals.

The Traditional dances of Nepal differ according to the place and race. There are different dances practiced in different communities. Some of them are Kumari dance, Manjushree dance, Tamang selo, deuda, balan, sangini, maruni, kaura, dhannach, dhol nach, tungna, yalambar, damphu nach, Chandi nach, sabai, sakhiya, sorathi, chanchari,hadkeli nach and so on.

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